Стратегии метатеоретизирования в социологии


Дудина В. И.

Кандидат социологических наук, доцент Санкт-Петербургского государственного университета, доцент, зав. кафедрой прикладной и отраслевой социологии факультета социологии, Санкт-Петербург, Россия viktoria_dudina@mail.ru

DOI: 10.7868/S0132162517120029
ID статьи на сайте журнала: 6969


Ссылка при цитировании:

Дудина В. И. Стратегии метатеоретизирования в социологии // Социологические исследования. 2017. № 12. С. 10-19.
DOI: 10.7868/S0132162517120029


Аннотация

В статье выделяются три стратегии метатеоретизирования в современной социологии: интегративное, эволюционное и перспективистское мататеоретизирование. Рассматриваются их особенности. «Интегративное мататеоретизирование» направлено на выявление общей теоретической логики, стандартизацию языка описания и/или разработку интегрированной теории. Цель «эволюционного метатеоретизирования» состоит в осмыслении тенденций и перспектив развития социологии в изменяющемся социальном и интеллектуальном контексте. Эта стратегия характеризуется выделением этапов, фаз, сдвигов, смещений в социологическом знании, картографированием прошлых достижений с точки зрения определения наличного состояния и перспектив развития дисциплины. «Перспективистское метатеоретизирование» нацелено на выделение независимых друг от друга, внутренне упорядоченных и относительно герметичных конфигураций – парадигм, научно-исследовательских программ, моделей объяснения и пр. Предложенная классификация рассматривает стратегии метатеоретизирования с точки зрения их подхода к решению проблемы дисциплинарной раздробленности.


Ключевые слова
метатеория; метатеоретизирование; социальная теория; социологическое исследование

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Содержание номера № 12, 2017