Revisited relationshhip between a personality and the society
the academy of sciences as a community and M.V. Lomonosov as a personality struggling for modernization (towards the 290-th aniversary of the Russian academy of sicences)


Vasiliev V.I.

Chairman, Science Board of the Russian Academy of Sciences on the integrated program of “History of Russian Academy of Sciences”, corresponding member of the RAS, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Doctor of Philology, Professor vasiliev.vladimir@mail.ru

ID of the Article: 5457


For citation:

Vasiliev V.I. Revisited relationshhip between a personality and the society: the academy of sciences as a community and M.V. Lomonosov as a personality struggling for modernization (towards the 290-th aniversary of the Russian academy of sicences). Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2014. No 12. P. 137-144




Abstract

The article devoted to the 290-th aniversary of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) reviews the principal stages (starting from the foundation till our time) of changes in the Academy’s status in the state and society, based on studying constitutional documents which reflect to the full extent the processes of science becoming a social institution under the conditions of struggle for the academic community self-determination. The article also covers the characteristics of “Lomonosov’s epoch” and the influence of a relationship between the personality of the first Russian academician M.V. Lomonosov and the society that opposed innovations and transformations of the Academy, the goal to which the scientist devoted considerable period of his scientific and public life in the Academy.


Keywords
Academy of Sciences; community; society and state; sociocultural sphere; social institution; constitutional documents; M.V. Lomonosov; “remodelling of the Academy”
Content No 12, 2014