The Society of Individuals in N. Elias Figuration Sociology


Šubrt I.

doc. PhD. Csc., Charles University in Prague, Prague, Czech Rebublic Jiri.Subrt@ff.cvni.cz

ID of the Article: 5840


For citation:

Šubrt I. The Society of Individuals in N. Elias Figuration Sociology. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2015. No 11. P. 139-148




Abstract

An issue having been resolved by N. Elias are relationships of individual and society. While critically assessing both answers to this issue given by sociolosists of his time: indivdualism of Weber postulating humans as the basis of sociological thinking and Durkheim’s holism seeing this basis in the society as a whole, that is supra-individual social facts, Elias sees both answers as one-sided. His strategy is closer to that of G. Simmel, who had stressed something ‘third’ – what is located between individual and society combining both in a certain way. To designate this ‘third’ Simmel uses the term “Wechselwirkung”, and Elias speaks of figurations. The paper discusses to what degree this strategy was a success, its positive traits and resultant probloems.


Keywords
sociology; sociological theory; society; individual; individualism; holism; figuration

Content No 11, 2015