First Russians sociodemographic surveys on Far East (Przhevalsky, Vislenyov)


Tkachev S.V.

Cand. Sci. (Polit.), Head of the Polytechnic Museum of Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia sertk@mail.ru

Tkacheva N.N.

Cand. Sci. (Polit.), Assoc. Prof. of Sociological Department of Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia nataltk@mail.ru

ID of the Article: 6693


For citation:

Tkachev S.V., Tkacheva N.N. First Russians sociodemographic surveys on Far East (Przhevalsky, Vislenyov). Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2017. No 5. P. 118-126




Abstract

The authors of this paper describe the first attempts by Russian scholars and officials to find out the sociodemographic situation in the Ussuri area associated to the Russian Empire in 1860 by means of census. Despite wide popularity of N. M. Przhevalsky’s activities, his sociodemographic edge research still has not been analysed/criticized, and its information is accepted by scientists as an absolute truth. In the view of the authors of this paper, although collection of statistical data in the region was the main task of the traveler in his 1867–69 expedition, it is necessary to treat statistical data provided by him devoted to South Ussuri area with reservations. At the same time it is been shown by authors that statistics collected by Mr. Vislenyov in South Ussuri area in 1879 display a high degree of reliability. Data of his report ‘Koreans and non-Russians of South Ussuri area’ are very extensive, and their scientific interpretation allows to look in a new way at sociodemographic situation in this acquisition of the Russian Empire in mid‑19th century.


Keywords
Przhevalsky; Vislenyov; sociological researches; South Ussuri area; population census; Chinese; Koreans; migration; demography

References

Arsen’ev V.K. (2004) Kitaitsy v Ussuriiskom krae. Istoriko-etnograficheskii ocherk [Chinese in the Ussuri Area. Historical and ethnographic review]. Moskva: “Kraft+”.

Busse F. F. (1896) Pereselenie krest’ian morem v Iuzhno-Ussuriiskii krai v 1883–1893 godakh [Resettlement of Peasants by the Sea to the South Ussuri Area in 1883–1893]. Sankt-Peterburg.

Veniukov M. (1873) Opyt voennogo obozreniia russkikh granits v Azii [Experience of a Military Review of the Russian Borders in Asia]. Sankt-Peterburg.

Veniukov M. I. (1868) Obozrenie reki Ussuri i zemel’ k vostoku ot nee do moria [A review of the river Ussuri and lands to the East from it to the sea]. In: Puteshestviia po okrainam russkoi Azii i zapiski o nikh [Travel on Suburbs of the Russian Asia and a Note about them]. Sankt-Peterburg, Izdanie Imperatorskoi Akademii nauk.

Inorodcheskoe naselenie Priamurskogo kraia. Koreitsy i inorodtsy Iuzhno-Ussuriiskogo kraia Primorskoi oblasti (1884) [Non- Russian population of the Priamurye region. Koreans and Non-Russians of South Ussuri Area of Primorye]. Sbornik glavneishikh ofitsial’nykh dokumentov po upravleniiu Vostochnoi Sibir’iu. T. 4. Vol. 2. Irkutsk.

Inorodcheskoe naselenie Ussuriiskoi strany (1886) [Non-Russian population of the Ussury country]. Soobshchenie general’nogo shtaba podpolkovnika Nadarova v Obshchestve izucheniia Amurskogo kraia, 12 dekabria 1885 goda. In: Materialy k izucheniiu Ussuriiskogo kraia. Doklady v Obshchestve izucheniia Amurskogo kraia I. Nadarova. a) Dvadtsatipiatiletie Vladivostoka, b) Khanshin i ego proizvodstvo, v) Inorodcheskoe naselenie. Vladivostok, Tipografiia shtaba portov Vostochnogo okeana.

Kaufman A. A. (1901) Materialy po voprosu kolonizatsionnoi vmestimosti Priamurskogo kraia [Materials Concerning the Colonization Capacity of the Priamurye Region]. Sankt-Peterburg.

Kafarov (Palladii). (1871) Ussuriiskie manzy [Ussuri Manza]. Izvestiia Russkogo geograficheskogo obshchestva. Sankt-Peterburg. T. 7: 369–377.

Kozlov P. (1913) Nikolai Mikhailovich Przheval’skii [Nikolay Mikhaylovich Przhevalsky]. Voennyi sbornik. No. 10: 1–22.

Korf N. A. (1904) O chislennosti naseleniia v Koree [About population in Korea]. Izvestiia imperatorskogo russkogo geograficheskogo obshchestva. T. XL. Vol. 3: 330–354.

Lesa Priamurskogo kraia (1883) [Forestry of the Priamurye region]. Sbornik glavneishikh ofitsial’nykh dokumentov po upravleniiu Vostochnoi Sibir’iu. T. 5. Irkutsk.

Maak R. (1861) Puteshestvie po doline reki Ussuri v 1859–60 gody. [A Travel on the Valley of the River Ussuri in 1859–60]. T. 1. Sankt-Peterburg.

Materialy po obsledovaniiu krest’ianskikh khoziaistv Primorskoi oblasti. Starozhily stodesiatinniki (1911) [Materials on inspection of country farms of Primorye area. Old residents stodesyatinnik]. Izdanie Pereselencheskogo upravleniia Glavnogo upravleniia zemleustroistva i zemledeliia. T. 4. Saratov.

Nadarov I. P. (1898) Pereselenie krest’ian morem v Iuzhno-Ussuriiskii krai [Resettlement of peasants by the sea to the South Ussuri Area]. Zapiski Priamurskogo otdela IRGO. T. 4. Vol. 4. Khabarovsk.

Naselennye i zhilye mesta Primorskogo raiona. Krest’iane. Inorodtsy. Zheltye. Perepis’ naseleniia 1–20 iiunia 1915 goda (1915) [The Inhabited Places of Primorsky Area. Peasants. Non-Russians. Yellows. Population Census on June 1–20, 1915]. Vladivostok.

Nesterova E. I. (2004) Russkaia administratsiia i kitaiskie migranty na Iuge Dal’nego Vostoka Rossii (vtoraia polovina XIX – nachalo XX veka) [The Russian Administration and the Chinese Migrants in the South of the Far East of Russia (the Second Half of 19 – the Beginning of the 20th Centuries)]. Vladivostok: Izdatel’stvo Dal’nevostochnogo universiteta.

Pak B. D. (1993) Koreitsy v Rossiiskoi imperii (Dal’nevostochnyi period) [Koreans in the Russian Empire (The Far East period)]. Moskva, Izdatel’stvo Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta.

Pereselenie russkikh liudei v Priamurskii krai (1884) [Resettlement of the Russian people to the Priamurye region]. Sbornik glavneishikh ofitsial’nykh dokumentov po upravleniiu Vostochnoiu Sibir’iu. T. II. Vol. 3. O krugosvetnom pereselenii v Iuzhno- Ussuriiskii krai i ustroistve tam pervoi partii pereselentsev, otpravlennykh iz Odessy v 1883 godu. Irkutsk.

Przheval’skii N. (1870) Puteshestvie v Ussuriiskom krae 1867–1869 gody [A travel in Ussuri Krai 1867–1869]. Sankt-Peterburg.

Rittikh A. A. (1899) Pereselencheskoe i krest’ianskoe delo v Iuzhno-Ussuriiskom krae [Resettlement and Country Matter in the South Ussuri Area]. Sankt-Peterburg.

Svedeniia o tuzemnykh inorodtsakh, prozhivaiushchikh v Primorskoi oblasti po 1 noiabria 1910 goda (1911) [Information about the native Non-Russians living in Primorye area till November 1, 1910]. Vladivostok.

Sinichenko V. V. (2008) K voprosu ob etno-demograficheskikh protsessakh na vostoke Rossiiskoi imperii vo vtoroi polovine XIX – nachale XX vekov [To a question of ethno-demographic processes in the East of the Russian Empire in the second half of 19 – the beginning of the 20th centuries]. Vtorye universitetskie sotsial’no-gumanitarnye chteniia 2008 goda: materialy [Second university social and humanitarian readings of 2008: materials]. Irkutsk, Irkutskii gosudarstvennyi universitet: 363–371.

Solov’ev F.V. (1973) Kitaiskie otkhodniki i ikh geograficheskie nazvaniia v Primor’e (vtoraia polovina XIX nachalo XX vekov) [The Chinese ‘Otkhodniks’ and their Place Names in Primorye (the Second half the XIX – beginning of the XX centuries)]. Vladivostok, 1973.

Solov’ev F.V. (1989) Kitaiskoe otkhodnichestvo na Dal’nem Vostoke Rossii v epokhu kapitalizma (1861–1917) [The Chinese ‘otkhodnichestvo’ in the Far East of Russia during an era of capitalism (1861–1917)]. Moscow: Nauka.

Tkachev S. V., Tkacheva N. N. (2016) Istoki konkurentsii mezhdu russkimi i kitaiskimi poselentsami v nachal’nyi period kolonizatsii Iuzhno-Ussuriiskogo kraia (seredina XIX – nachalo XX vekov) [Sources of the competition between the Russian and Chinese settlers during an initial stage of colonization of the South Ussuri Area (the middle of XIX – the beginning of the XX centuries)]. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie [Ethnographic Review]. No. 1: 04–121.

Tolstova Iu.N. (2013a) Has research methods effectiveness grown in Russia sociology for the last 100 years? Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological studies]. No. 7: 59–69.

Tolstova Iu.N. (2013b) History or research methods as reflection of theoretical thought evolution in sociology. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological studies]. No. 8: 13–23.

Shrenk L. (1883) Ob inorodtsakh Amurskogo kraia [About Non-Russians of the Amur region]. T. 1. Sankt-Peterburg: Izdanie Imperatorskoi Akademii nauk.

Content No 5, 2017