Features of the life world of rural residents in Russia


Toshchenko Zh.T.

Corresponding member of Russian Academy of Sciences, Scientific Director of the Sociological Faculty of Russian State Humanitarian University, Chief Researcher, Institute of Sociology of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia zhantosch@mail.ru

DOI: 10.7868/S0132162518020083
ID of the Article: 7059


For citation:

Toshchenko Zh.T. Features of the life world of rural residents in Russia . Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2018. No 2. P. 71-81




Abstract

Based on the data of state statistics and sociological information, a picture of the modern Russian rural areas is given, which is represented not only by agricultural production and its accompanying institutions, its servicing, but also by industrial, construction and communication organizations, and also by the gradually increasing number of recreational, excursion, ecological settlements. There is also a trend of new forms of residence: a simultaneous life in the city and in the countryside (summer residents, freelancers, creative professions). In accordance with the concept of the sociology of life, the life world of the rural residents is represented by the consciousness of people, their behavior and their surrounding macro-, meso- and microenvironment. The article examines their main social functions as citizens, as inhabitants, as employees and as participants in interpersonal relations. When analyzing a rural resident as a citizen, his attitude to reforms in Russia, his attitude to economic, political and social problems, as well as his understanding of some international problems, are described. When examining problems as a resident of a rural settlement, main problems, expectations, satisfaction with material well-being are revealed. In this regard, great importance is attached to the comparison of the social situation of rural residents and city dwellers and explaining reasons for the different interpretation and attitude to problems as public (social) life. A significant place is given to the analysis of the daily (labor and personal) life of rural residents, their immediate surroundings. An attempt is made to reveal the features of this life both in comparison with the previous stage of the development of the rural residents, and in comparison with the life of people in the city. In conclusion, the main meanings of the life world are defined, which are characterized by their relationship to the personal future: to remain rural resident or to seek resettlement in the city.


Keywords
rural resident; rural settlement; life world, social consciousness; behavior; macro-, meso- and microenvironment; meaning of life; citizen; inhabitant; everyday life

References

Anisimov R.I. (2016). Socio-economic Transformation of the Meaning of the Life World of Russian Peasants. Sense of rural life (Experience of Sociological Analysis). Moscow: 33–58. (In Russ.)

Barsukova S. Yu. (2016) The dilemma “farmers – agroholdings” in the context of import substitution. Obchestvenii nauki i sovremennost [Social Sciences and Modernity]. No. 6: 63–74. (In Russ.)

Buzdalov I. (2011). The Humiliated Class: the Social Status and Economic Situation of the Russian Peasantry. Voprosy Ekonomiki [Questions of Economics]. No. 4: 137–148. (In Russ.)

Evdokimova T.G. (2016). Material Prosperity as the Meaning of Rural Life. Meaning of Rural Life (Experience of Sociological Analysis). Moscow: 59–84. (In Russ.)

Kolosova E.A. (2016). Life-forming Meanings of Rural Youth. Meaning of Rural Life (Experience of Sociological Analysis). Moscow: 231–250. (In Russ.)

Nikulin A. Oligarch-economic as successor to the post-kholoz. Ekonomicheskaya sotsiologiya [Economic sociology]. 2010. Vol. 11. No.1: 17–34. (In Russ.)

Nechipurenko O.V. (2010). Rural Communities in a Changing Russia: Innovations and Traditions. Novosibirsk. (In Russ.)

Russian Statistical Yearbook. 2015: Stat. sb. (2015). Moscow: Rosstat. (In Russ.)

Russia in Figures. 2016: A Brief. Stat. sb. Rosstat. (2016) Moscow. (In Russ.)

Staroverov V.I. (2008). History and Theory of Sociological Analysis of the Russian Agrosphere. Moscow. (In Russ.)

The National Economy of the RSFSR in 1990: Stat. Yearbook (1991). Moscow: Goskomstat of the RSFSR. (In Russ.)

Toshchenko Zh.T. (ed.) (2016) Meaning of Rural Life (Experience of Sociological Analysis). Moscow. (In Russ.)

Toshchenko Zh.T. (2015). Prekariat – a New Social Class. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological studies]. No. 6: 3–13. (In Russ.)

Toshchenko Zh.T. (2017) What is a modern Russian village? Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological studies]. No. 12: 87–96. (In Russ.)

Toshchenko Zh.T. Velikiy P.P. (2018). The Main Meanings of the Life World of Rural Residents of Russia. Mir Rossii [Universe of Russia]. No. 1: (in print.) (In Russ.)

Uzun V. Ya., Shagaida N.I. (2015). Agrarian Reform in Post-Soviet Russia: Mechanisms and Results. Moscow. (In Russ.)

Velikiy P.P., Bocharova E.V. (2012). Raskrestyanivanie as an Indicator of the Destructive Transformation of the Russian Agrosphere. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological studies]. No. 1: 126–134. (In Russ.)

Content No 2, 2018