Main milestones in the development of Russian sociology
late 1950s–2010s

Gorshkov M.K.

Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Director, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Toshchenko Zh.T.

Corresponding member of Russian Academy of Sciences, Scientific Director of the Sociological Faculty of Russian State Humanitarian University, Chief Researcher, Institute of Sociology of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

DOI: 10.7868/S0132162518060016
ID of the Article: 7210

For citation:

Gorshkov M.K., Toshchenko Zh.T. Main milestones in the development of Russian sociology: late 1950s–2010s. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2018. No 6. P. 3-16


The article is devoted to analysis of the main stages and directions in the development of modern Russian sociology. It covers the time interval starting from creation of the Soviet Sociological Association (1958) and formation in 1968 of the Institute of Concrete Social Studies (since 1972 the Institute of Sociological Research and since 1988 – Institute of Sociology of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR – now RAS). The development of sociology is examined in a broad context: on the Soviet Union (Russian) scale, at the center of which stood the Institute of Sociology with the active participation of regional sociological centers. The characteristics of main stages in the development of Russian sociology are given, both in terms of prevalence of certain theories, concepts, studies and achievements, and in terms of the features of its functioning and interaction with society. The basic features and main directions of the development of sociological thought at each stage are described, which at the next stage of their development of Soviet (Russian) sociology were refined, acquiring new aspects, generating new fields and new problems of both theoretical and applied nature. Main achievements of each stage of Russian sociology development are characterized, as well as the problems that arose in the process of its functioning. In conclusion, an answer is given to the acute question of theoretical sociology existence in Russia.

Russian (Soviet) sociology; theories and concepts of sociology; empirical sociology; directions of development of sociology; stages of development of sociology

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Content No 6, 2018