Socio-legal and Socio-economic Aspects of Privacy


Orlov M.O.

Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Prof., Dean of the Faculty of Philosophy, Saratov State University, Saratov, Russia orok-saratov@mail.ru

Shatkin M.A.

Cand. Sci. (Philos.), Assoc. Prof., Penza Theological Seminary, Penza, Russia shatkinma@gmail.com

DOI: 10.31857/S013216250004583-4
ID of the Article: 7612


For citation:

Orlov M.O., Shatkin M.A. Socio-legal and Socio-economic Aspects of Privacy. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2019. No 4. P. 15-26




Abstract

The article considers the history of formation of the concept of privacy, as well as peculiarities of understanding of this phenomenon in modern society in legal, economic and social context. The main historical stages of transformation of the concept of privacy are highlighted. The judicial processes connected with protection of private life, which were held in XX–XXI centuries in the USA, are considered. The example of the American legal model established that the initial inclusion of privacy in the legal field was a means of protecting the individual against possible invasion of privacy. In the context of the analysis of modern understanding of privacy, it is proved that the improvement of digital technologies and digitization of personal data together with the possibility of their automatic collection and processing leads to notions of privacy as an analogue to intellectual property of the individual. Personal data is increasingly becoming a commodity for client-oriented companies. At the same time, Western society still tends to understand the elites‘ privacy as human rights and dignity. The analysis of the development prospects of the digital society gives reason to believe that in the near future it is possible to expect appreciable influence of transformation of artificial intellect systems on understanding of privacy.


Keywords
privacy; human rights; information technology; digital society; risks

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Content No 4, 2019