Women as Police Officers
How Profession is Chosen


Chemankova E.D.

bachelor of public administration, National Research University “Higher School of Economics”, Moscow, Russia kat.chemankova@yandex.ru

DOI: 10.31857/S013216250004593-5
ID of the Article: 7622


This article uses the results of the project «Local police officer in the system of relations with the local community: analysis of role models» supported by «Khamovniki» Fund and was prepared within the framework of the Academic Fund Program at the National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE) in 2018–2019 (grant № 18-05-0049) and by the Russian Academic Excellence Project «5–100».

Rubric: First steps

For citation:

Chemankova E.D. Women as Police Officers: How Profession is Chosen. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2019. No 4. P. 126-132



Abstract

The article deals with the choice of profession by female police officers. The analysis of data collected in 2016 during 4 semi-structured group interviews with a total number of 21 police officers in Volgogradskaya oblast helps us to assume that women come to the police service because of relatively high salaries, job stability, fringe benefits and the prestige of the profession. In contrast to previous works on this topic, we have identified the importance of family influence: the choice of police work often occurs as a continuation of the family dynasty of police or government officials. The results we have obtained can be used to increase the level of job satisfaction of female police officers as it depends on the factors of the choice of profession.


Keywords
«male» and «female» professions; police; women; interview; professional choice

References

Akhmadeev I.A. (2007) Feminization of State Power Structures. Uspekhi sovremennogo estestvoznaniya [Successes of Modern Natural Sciences]. No. 1: 88. (In Russ.)

Bandura A. (2000) Social Cognitive Theory. Saint-Petersburg: Evraziya. (In Russ.)

Galieva G.I. (2017) Psychological Problems of Women Law Enforcement Officers. Gumanitarnye nauchnye issledovaniya [Humanitarian Scientific Research]. No. 4: 322–326. (In Russ.)

Hassell K.D., Archbold, C.A., Stichman, A.J. (2011) Comparing the Workplace Experiences of Male and Female Police Officers: Examining Workplace Problems, Stress, Job Satisfaction and Consideration of Career Change. International Journal of Police Science & Management. No. 1(13): 37–53.

Hays S. (1996) The Cultural Contradictions of Motherhood. New Haven: Yale University Press.

He N., Zhao J., Archbold C.A. (2002) Gender and Police Stress: The Convergent and Divergent Impact of Work Environment, Work-family Conflict, and Stress Coping Mechanisms of Female and Male Police Officers. Policing: an International Journal of Police Strategies & Management. No. 4(5): 687–708.

Kozina I.M. (2002) Professional Segregation: Gender Stereotypes in the Labor Market. Sociologicheskij zhurnal [Sociological Journal]. No. 3: 126–136. (In Russ.)

Kuznetsova O.V. (2016) Personal Determinants of the Efficiency of Women Employees of the Internal Affairs Agencies. Psihopedagogika v pravoohranitel'nyh organah [Psychopedagogics in Law Enforcement]. No. 2(65): 37–41. (In Russ.)

Lester D. (1983) Why Do People Become Police Officers: A Study of Reasons and Their Predictions of Success. Journal of Police Science and Administration. No. 2(11): 170–174.

Posokhova O.Y. (2013) Professional Dynasty as a Result of Family Strategies: Inertia or Continuity? Vlast' [Authority]. No. 12: 100–103. (In Russ.)

Pryazhnikov N.S. (2007) Theory and Practice of Professional Self-determination: Training Manual. Moscow: Academiya. (In Russ.)

Raganella A.J., White M.D. (2004) Race, Gender, and Motivation for Becoming a Police Officer: Implications for Building a Representative Police Department. Journal of Criminal Justice. No. 6(32): 501–513.

Sahgal P. (2007) Women in Police: a Study of Their Career Aspirations and Motivation. Indian Journal of Industrial Relations. No. 3(42): 408–429.

Somvadee C., Morash M. (2008) Dynamics of Sexual Harassment for Policewomen Working Alongside Men. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management. No. 3(31): 485–498.

Strauss A., Corbin J.M. (2001) Basics of Qualitative Research: Grounded Theory Procedures and Techniques. Moscow: Editorial URSS. (In Russ.)

Tartakovskaya I., Popkova L. (eds) (2006) Gender for “Dummies”. Moscow: Fond im. G. Bellya: Prosvet.izdat. centr «Zven'ya». (In Russ.)

White M.D. (2010) Motivations for Becoming a Police Officer: Re-assessing Officer Attitudes and Job Satisfaction after Six Years on the Street. Journal of Criminal Justice. No. 4(38): 520–530.

Zdravomyslova E., Gerasimova E., Troyan N. (1998) Gender Stereotypes in Preschool Children's Literature: Russian Fairy Tales. Preobrazhenie: nauch.-lit. al'm. [Transformation: Scientific Literary Almanac]. No. 6: 65–77. (In Russ.)

Content No 4, 2019