Globalization and Hybridization:
Towards a New Social Order


Yanitzky O.N.

Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Prof., Chief Researcher, Institute of Sociology of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia oleg.yanitsky@yandex.ru

DOI: 10.31857/S013216250006132-8
ID of the Article: 7769


For citation:

Yanitzky O.N. Globalization and Hybridization: Towards a New Social Order. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2019. No 8. P. 8-18




Abstract

The world is in a transition toward the global and hybrid condition. In this article the author examines the very notions of globalization and hybridization processes, the relationships between these two peculiarities of the modern world resulting, in particular, in the shaping of sociobiotechnical systems (hereafter the SBT-systems) of varying scale, and the relationships between them. I consider the very fact of an emergence and shaping of the SBT-systems as a result of numerous metabolic processes that are now peculiar both to natural and social worlds. On the other hand, a man since recently is capable to construct nature-like materials and living entities. Therefore, I consider the hybridization processes as the main way of the SBT-system construction and development. But the reverse side of the same coin is a new form of producing marginal man as a cumulative effect of a set of factors like a necessity to be permanently mobile and professionally upgrading coupled with the growing pressure of the consumerist ideology which generates individualization of a person’s behavior and loss of his/ her Motherland. Besides, the world of smart machines forces a man to communicate with the others in a digital language only. In sum, the above changes provoke chaotic state of living world and compel ordinary people together with the scientists, independent politicians and the grassroots to struggle collectively for a more just social order.


Keywords
globalization; hybridization; marginal man; metabolic processes; the SBT-systems; time; transition period

References

Bauman Z. (2017) A Chronicle of Crisis: 2011–2016. London: Social Europe Edition.

Burenok V. 2019. «Ratnik» with Artificial Intellect. Voenno-promyshlennyj kur’er [Military-industrial Courier]. No. 15(778): 4–5. (In Russ.)

Castells M. (1996) The Information Age. Economy, Society and Culture. Oxford: Blackwell.

Castells M. (2004) The Internet Galaxy. Reflections on the Internet, Business, and Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Моisseev N.N. (1988) Human Ecology with a Matematiciam’s Eyes. Мoscow: Nauka. (In Russ.)

Park R. (1928) Human Migration and the Marginal Man. American Journal of Sociology. Vol. 33. No. 6: 882–893.

Perrow Ch. (1984) The Normal Accidents. Living with High-Risk Technologies. New York: Basic Books.

Prighozhin I., Stengers I. (1984) Order from Chaos. New Dialogue of Man with the Nature. Мoscow: Мysl’. (In Russ.)

Sagan S. (1993) The Limits of Safety. Organizations, Accidents, and Nuclear Weapons. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Sassen S. (2000) Territory and Territoriality in the Global Economy. International Sociology. Vol. 15. No. 2: 372–393.

Sassen S. (2016) The Global City: Enabling Economic Intermediation and Bearing Its Costs. City and Community. June: 97–108. DOI: 10.1111/cico.12175.

Shkraduk I., Simonov E. (2018) Crossroads of the World Energy and China’s Global Energy Interconnections. Technical Report (GEI). January. URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/322517831 (accessed 27.05.2019). (In Russ.)

Shvab К. (2017) The Fourth Industrial Revolution. Moscow: «E». (In Russ.)

Sorokin P.A. (2003) Hunger as Factor. Inpact of Hunger on Peoples’ Behavior, Social Organization and Public Life. Мoscow: Academia & LVS. (In Russ.)

Thomas W., Znaniecki F. (1918–1920) The Polish Peasant in Europe and America. Vol. 1–5. Chicago; London: Chicago University Press.

Thomas W. (1966) On Social Organization and Personality. Chicago; London: Chicago University Press.

Urry J. (2003) Global Complexity. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Urry J. (2008) Mobilities. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Yanitsky O.N. (2019) Migration Crisis or Crisis of EU? Sotsiologicheskaya nauka i sotsial’naya praktika [Sociological Science and Social Practice]. Vol. 7. No. 1(25): 21–36. (In Russ.)

Yanitsky O.N. (2016) Sociobiotechnical Systems: A New View on Man-nature Relations. Sotsiologicheskaya nauka i sotsial’naya praktika [Sociological Science and Social Practice]. Vol. 4. No. 3: 5–22. (In Russ.)

Yanitsky O.N. (2014) Sociology of Critical Areas. Open Journal of Social Science Research. Vol. 2(3): 112–118. URL: http://manuscript.sciknow.org/uploads/ojssr/pub/ojssr_140963345.pdf (accessed 27.05.2019).

Content No 8, 2019