Change in Basic Characteristics of Sociology as a Science (Causes, Results, Outlook)


Shcherbina V.V.

Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Prof., Chief Researcher, Institute of Sociology of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia scherbina.vyacheslav@mail.ru

DOI: 10.31857/S013216250007460-9
ID of the Article: 7887


For citation:

Shcherbina V.V. Change in Basic Characteristics of Sociology as a Science (Causes, Results, Outlook). Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2019. No 11. P. 29-39




Abstract

This paper attempts to solve following problems: 1) to reconstruct the substance, grounds and conditions of forming the theoretical model of sociology that preceded its contemporary versions and treated sociology, for almost 40 years, as a full-fledged social science; 2) to find out what differentiated it fundamentally from previous versions, and what predestined its wide currency for quite a long time; 3) to show how drastically the basic characteristics of sociology as a science have changed for last 40 years, and how much consensus we have today on its scientific status and specifics; 4) to show causes of these changes and to demonstrate their connection with wide-scale protest movements in Paris in May 1968; 5) to trace consequences of changes in theoretical model of this science for development of European (and, wider, Western) sociology; 6) to answer the questions: a) how much the processes unfolding in Western sociology for last 30–40 years have affected current condition of Russian sociology; b) is there a necessity to unify basic characteristics of contemporary Russian sociology with the Western ones?


Keywords
social sciences; sociology; model of science; characteristics of science; status of science; subject matter of science; May 1968 events; functionalism and Marxism; European vs Russian sociology

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Content No 11, 2019