Forty Years of Economic Reforms in China:
Social Results


Chen Hong

Prof., Institute of Marxism, Hainan University, China

DOI: 10.31857/S013216250007778-8
ID of the Article: 7931


For citation:

Chen Hong Forty Years of Economic Reforms in China: Social Results. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2019. No 12. P. 81-90



Abstract

The article is devoted to social, economic and humanitarian results of China’s development during 40 years of Deng Xiaoping’s reforms aimed at integrating planning and market mechanisms. These reforms have contributed to the rapid growth of living standards. The author underlines that development of China in these years was based on the achievements of development on the previous stages and the civilizational traditions of China has been taken into account. Successful industrialization made China one of the leaders of the world economy and created the basis for the subsequent implementation of the elements of the sixth technological mode. The structure of the workforce currently corresponds to the challenges of modern technological transformations. Reforms in the fields of education and health also directed to respond to the challenges of that time. Nevertheless, the problems of inequality and the fight against poverty still persist. These challenges can be called as the main ones for the Communist Party of China and the country in general.


Keywords
China; social results of the reforms in China; socialism with Chinese characteristics; marxism

References

Benson J., Webber M., Zhu Y. (2010) The Everyday Impact of Economic Reform in China: Management Change, Enterprise Performance and Daily Life. London: Routledge.

Chen H. (2018) China's Reform and Opening Policy and the Gorbachev’s Reforms. Svobodnaya mysl [Free Thought]. No. 5: 141–150. (In Russ.)

Enfu Ch., Xiaoqing D. (2017) Theory and Principles of Political Economy as the Basis of the «Chinese Economic Miracle». Voprosy politicheskoy ekonomii [Issues of Political Economy]. No. 4: 62–74 (In Russ.)

Human Development Indices and Indicators. 2018 Statistical Update. (2018) United Nations Development Program. (In Russ.)

Guan Lijie, Ji Yushan (2015) From the Beijing Consensus to the China Model: A Suggested Strategy for Future Economic Reform. International Critical Thought. Vol. 45. No. 2: 135–147.

Huang Y. (2012) How Did China Take off? Journal of Economic Perspectives. Vol. 26. No. 4: 147–170.

Kiva A.V. (2019) National Interests as They Are Understood in China and Russia. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 2: 157–166. (In Russ.)

Oncoming to the Limit of Social Tolerance for the Gap between Rich and Poor. (2010) Jingji Cankao. 10 May. (In Chinese)

Pivovarova E.P. (2011) Socialism with Chinese Characteristics. Moscow: ID «FORUM». (In Russ.)

Ploberger C. (2016) China’s Reform and Opening Process: a New Model of Political Economy? Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies. 2016. Vol. 14. No. 1: 69–87.

Poznanski K.Z. (2012) State Condition, Foreign Influence and Alternative Models of Market Reforms in China, Russia, and Eastern Europe. International Critical Thought. Vol. 2. No. 3: 276–296.

Ramesh M. et al (2013). Health Governance and Healthcare Reforms in China. Health Policy and Planning. Vol. 29. No. 6: 663–672.

Shevchenko V.N. (2018) The Return of China to the National Path of Development in the Age of Globalization: the Significance and Conclusions for Russia. Vek globalizatsii [Age of Globalization]. No. 3: 106–119. (In Russ.)

Sutherland D., Yao S. (2011) Income Inequality in China over 30 Years of Reforms. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy, and Society. Vol. 4. No. 1: 91–105.

Tanatova D.K., Pogosyan V.G., Korolev I.V. (2019) Chinese Students in the Russian Higher Education Institutes: Motivation and Demotivating. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 5: 150–157. (In Russ.)

Tsagolov G.N. (2018) Which Economic Formation is in China? (to 40-years Anniversary of the Beginning Reforms). Voprosy politicheskoy ekonomii [Issues of Political Economy]. No. 3: 79–93 (In Russ.)

Xiaoguang Shi, Englert P.A.J. (2008) Reform of Teacher Education in China. Journal of Education for Teaching. Vol. 34. No. 4: 347–359.

23rd Conference of the Central Guiding Group for the Comprehensive Reform Deepening Called and Headed by Xi Jinping. (2016) Renmin Ribao. April 19. (In Chinese.)

Content No 12, 2019