Technoscience:
Natural, Social, and Technological Effects


Yanitzky O.N.

Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Prof., Chief Researcher, Institute of Sociology of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia oleg.yanitsky@yandex.ru

DOI: 10.31857/S013216250009382-3
ID of the Article: 8192


For citation:

Yanitzky O.N. Technoscience: Natural, Social, and Technological Effects. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2020. No 6. P. 145-154




Abstract

Drawing on the theoretical and empirical data gained by the author a historical dynamics of a techno-science (hereafter the TS) is analyzed as a mean of protection and survival; of spatial mobility and mastering of new spaces; for a struggle with and a mean for another societies; as a geopolitical instrument, etc. Recently the TS serves as a branch subjected to current geopolitical aims. Nowadays, the TS have a global scale, but it doesn’t change its applied character. That’s why I consider the TS concept as one of the current ways of the scientific evolution which is permanently developing under impact of new discoveries. Recently, the TS is subjected to severe critics from those scientists who see modern globalization as ill-investigated and very complex sociobiotechnical system (hereafter the SBT-system) inherently interconnected by a multitude of biochemical and social metabolic processes. It means that every TS-concept is shaped by natural and social forces. Every version of the TS is in essence an interdisciplinary mode of representation of a systemic and permanently changing our universe that disproves the one-dimension (technologically-created) of the TS. There are no confirmations that the TS had become the philosophy of our information age. There are a lot of sociological and humanitarian research which are very distant from the one-dimensional idea of a ‘capitalization’ of scientific knowledge. These researches are, first of all, dependent on the changes in human perception of permanently changing world.


Keywords
civil society; empirical knowledge globalization; history; hybrid knowledge; quantitative paradigm; science; techno-science; Russia

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Content No 6, 2020