Link of the Value Attitudes with Career Achievements (Based on a Survey of Youth)

Bykov A.V.

Cand. Sci. (Sociol.), Senior Lecturer, Department of Sociology, National Research University Higher School of Economics; Research Fellow, Institute of Sociology of FCTAS, Moscow, Russia.

Nastina E.A.

Research Assistant, Laboratory for Comparative Social Research, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia.

DOI: 10.31857/S013216250009288-9
ID of the Article: 8259

The research was carried out within the state assignment of Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation by The State Academic University for the Humanities (GAUGN) No. 28.1328.2017/4.6.

For citation:

Bykov A.V., Nastina E.A. Link of the Value Attitudes with Career Achievements (Based on a Survey of Youth). Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2020. No 8. P. 67-77


The present study investigated the effects of basic value orientations on career success among young Russians. Taking into account the motivational nature of values and value congruence effect, we proposed that individuals emphasizing value orientations which prioritize work-related goals (“reputation and power”) would occupy a higher position on a career ladder. At the same time, we expected that value orientation bringing to focus other life domains (“security and family” or “freedom and self-development”) would not have effects on the outcome variable. The sample included employed young adults between 18 and 35 (N = 3186) with the data collected in 2018. The hypotheses were tested using multivariate and multinomial regression analysis. As a result, it was found that the emphasis on “reputation and power” positively predicted career success, while “security and family” value orientation appeared to be negatively connected to it, whereas “freedom and self-development” had no significant effect, The empirical findings are further discussed and interpreted with respect to conflicting goals and “intrinsic” vs “extrinsic” values perspective. The study underlies and provides evidence for the importance of basic value orientations as important components of “personal culture” in predicting career success as a result of social action.

career success; culture; youth; values


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Content No 8, 2020