Russian reformers of the 1990s: a biographical study

Russian reformers of the 1990s:
a biographical study

Simonyan R.Kh.

Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Chef Researcher, Center for European Studies, MGIMO University, Moscow, Russia

Kochegarova T.M.

Senior Research, Institute of Economics, Russian Academy Sciences, Moscow, Russia

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For citation:

Simonyan R.Kh., Kochegarova T.M. Russian reformers of the 1990s: a biographical study. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2016. No 5. P. 146-155


Well-known is philosophical law: in the development of public relations, role of the subjective factor increases. This law is becoming more tangible, especially in transforming countries. This fully applies to Russia, where the subjective factor proved decisive in the choice of methods of reform, and, above all, their core – privatization. As a result, privatization in Russia created new ownership relations. These relations are fundamental; they determine all relations – social, political, legal, moral and psychological. They impact the whole social environment of the state. Today’s political-economy model was created in the first half of the 1990s, and over the past twenty years has not changed. If modern reformers Den Siaopin, Havel, Mechiar, Balcerowicz have extensive bibliography, the identity of Gaidar remains on the periphery of attention of researchers. On the eve of the 25th anniversary of reform this is difficult to understand.

biographical method; content analysis; armchair experts; high selfesteem; monetarism; abstract humanism; pragmatism; amorality
Content No 5, 2016