Соntemporry models of Russian citizenship
Industrial Univeristy of Tyumen, Tiumen, Russia email@example.com
Cand. Sci. (Sociol.), Assoc. Prof., Tyumen State University, Tiumen, Russia firstname.lastname@example.org
Cand. Sci. (Soc.), Asso. Prof., Industrial University of Tyumen, Tyumen, Russia email@example.com
The article states that the existence of an institutionalized model of citizenship is important for any country. Especially if the country is undergoing transformation, previously having lost socially recognized model, which implies a massive loss of civic identity. Russia has two main stages in the transformation of Soviet citizenship. The first is described in terms of democratic transition, when declared and by a large part of the society accepted is the need to move to the liberal-democratic citizenship of Western model. However, this transition has not occurred. For some time a hybrid model of citizenship has been created in Russia represented by a surrogate institution aimed at solving situational tasks of preserving the ruling regime to complete process of constructinig distributive clan economy. At the moment, the model of citizenship, with the essential features of the previous model (conservative hybrid), underwent turbulence and is in a non-equilibrium state, from time to time taking form of citizenship of past eras. This transition can be completed by some restoration of the postioin, from which transformation of Soviet citizenship began. The empirical material reflects author’s research at the regional level, a comparative analysis of the data in 2005 and 2015.