Patriotism in the Russian

Khaliy I.A.

Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Prof., Chief Researcher, Head the Department for Investigation of Socio-cultural Development of Russian Regions, Institute of Sociology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

ID of the Article:

For citation:

Khaliy I.A. Patriotism in the Russian: typology. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2017. No 2. P. 67-74


The article based on a research conducted in 9 regions of European part of Russia in 2013–2015 considered the attitude of local citizens to the city in which they live (regional capitals and small towns). The theoretical approaches to the analysis of Western sociology of patriotism as a social phenomenon and the possibility of their application to the study of Russian reality are analyzed. This analysis demonstrates that the patriotism of the Russian society has developed over the centuries and is the only possible (in relation to the homeland) traditional value orientation till now. Conditions for its withering away are obviously not formed, but the attempts of their formation are already visible. Three types of relationships to the Motherland are revealed: unconditional patriotism, transformative love, indifferent attitude. The author presents the reasons for the erosion of the value of patriotism in the conditions of global processes. The article shows the specificity of the attitude to the Motherland of local residents in small towns, which based on their full involvement in the functioning of local community.

patriotism; values; local community; regional specificity; globalization


Aksenova O.V. (2014) Kul’turnaja sreda prigranich’ja: struktury i aktory [Cultural space of borderland]. Vestnik Instituta sotziologii. No. 11: 47–58. (In Russ.). URL: (accessed: 17.05.16).

Bauman Z. (2002) Individualizirovannoe obschestvo [The individualized society]. Moscow: Logos. (In Russ.)

Beck U. (2001) Chto takoe globalizacija? [What is globalization?]. Moscow: Progress-Tradicija. (In Russ.)

Beck U., Beck-Gernsheim E. (2009) Global Generations and the Trap of Methodological Nationalism for a Cosmopolitan Turn in the Sociology of Youth and Generation. European Sociological Review. No. 25(1): 25–36.

Bednost’ i bednye v sovremennoy Rossii [Poverty and the poor in modern Russia] (2014). Ed. by M. K. Gorshkov, N. E. Tikhonova. Moscow: Ves’ Mir. (In Russ.)

Durckheim E. (1998) O razdelenii obshchestvennogo truda [The Division of Labour in Society]. Moscow: Kanon+. (In Russ.)

Dvadcat’ let reform glazami rossijan: opyt mnogoletnih sociologicheskih zamerov [Twenty years of reform through the eyes of Russians: the experience of many years of sociological measurements] (2011). Ed. by M. K. Gorshkov, R. Krumm, V. V. Petuhov. Moscow: Ves’ mir. (In Russ.)

Habermas J. (2005) Politicheskie raboty [Political works]. Moscow: Praxis. (In Russ.)

Levashov V.K. (2006) Patriotizm v kontekste sovremennykh social’no-politicheskikh realiy [Patriotism in the context of modern social and political realities]. Sociologicheskie issledovanija [Sociological studies]. No. 8: 67–76. (In Russ.)

Levchenko N.V. (2014) Obrazovanie v prigranichnykh rajonakh [The education in borderland regions]. Vestnik Instituta sociologii. No. 11: 34–46. (In Russ.). URL: (accessed: 19.07.16).

Magaril S.A. (2016) Meanings of patriotism – historical transformation. Sociologicheskie issledovanija [Sociological studies]. No. 1: 142–151. (In Russ.)

Malinkin A.N. (1999) Poniatie patriotizma: esse po sociologii znanija [The concept of patriotism: essays on the sociology of knowledge]. Sociologichesky zhurnal [Sociological Journal]. No. 1/2: 87–117. (In Russ.)

Parsons T. (1997) Sistema sovremennykh obschestv [The system of modern societies]. Moscow: Aspekt-Press. (In Russ.)

Veber M. (1990) Izbrannye proizvedenija [Selected works]. Moscow: Progress. (In Russ.)

Zhuravlev A.L., Jurevich A.V. (2016) Patriotizm kak objekt izuchenija psihologicheskoy nauki [Patriotism as an object of study of psychology]. Psihologichesky zhurnal [Psyhological Journal]. Vol. 37. No. 3: 88–98. (In Russ.)

Content No 2, 2017