About the limitations of the materialist approach to demographic and migration policies
Dr. Sci. (Phil.); Corresponding Member, Russian Academy of Sciences; Chief Researcher, Institute of Sociology, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia email@example.com
The author, reflecting on the content of the book by the famous scholar L. L. Rybakovskiy, believes that in Russian sociology and demography, there is quite a simplistic understanding of the causes for migration: reducing them to an economic interpretation. Thus, not enough is taken into account so-called “human factor”. In this regard, the study of migration suggests an approach based on the contradictions of “inclusion” and “exclusion” of various groups and individuals from the social and economic processes in the society. Migration analysis reveals two levels of possible risks: strengthening Russian and nationalist sentiment in the host countries; marginalized increasing migration of minorities contributes to their greater cohesion and aggression. Considering the text L. L. Rybakovskiy monograph, the author casts doubt on the thesis of the economic determination of contemporary migration processes. Migrants do not cancel their “utilitarian” needs and are looking for their place in the hierarchy of their values (safety, education, etc.). This fact must be considered by migration researchers greater than now.
Ivahnjuk I.V. (2015) Razvitie migrationnoi teorii v usloviiah globalizatsii [Development of migration theory in the context of globalization]. Vek globalizatsii. 2015. No. 1: 36–51. (In Russ.)
Akhiezer A.S.(2006) Trudi [Works]. Moscow: New chronograph. (In Russ.)
Osipov G.V., ed. (2014) Demograficheskaya politica v Rossii: transformatsiy, rezultati, perspektivi [Demographic policy in Russia: transformation, performance, prospects]. In: Vestnik Rossiiskoy Akademii Nauk [Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences]. No. 11: 963–972. (In Russ.)
Migratsionnie protsessi v Rossii (2014) [Migration Processes in Russia]. Red.: V. V. Lokosova, L.l. Rybakovskogo. Moscow: Icon-inform. (In Russ.)
Rybakovskiy L.L. (2016) Istoriy I teoriy migratsii naseleniy. Mirovie migratsii: mirovie fragmenti I ih determinanti [History and Theory of Human Migration. World Migration: Historical Fragments and their Determinants]. Moscow: Econ-Inform. (In Russ.)