University 3.0 – social mission and reality

Karpov A.O.

Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Cand. Sci. (Physic. and mathem.), Head of Department, Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Moscow, Russia

DOI: 10.7868/S0132162517060137
ID of the Article:

For citation:

Karpov A.O. University 3.0 – social mission and reality. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2017. No 9. P. 114-124


Sweeping changes coming from decisive importance of universities for innovative development and economic growth are observed in the higher education systems in economically developed countries. New spheres of activities in the University include technology development and transfer, commercialization of academy products and their market launch campaigns, creation of new businesses, intellectual property management for profit-earning. This is the basis for University 3.0 model three key social missions – education, research activities, economic and social development (including knowledge commercialization). The purpose of this work is to present a sociological analysis of the problem associated with establishment of University 3.0, its socio-economic reality, and fundamental social missions; to disclose social content of the network, creative, innovative, and entrepreneurial University models, which form the core of the University and make NCI&E-model proposed by the author, and to give examples of scientific study of the University 3.0 problematics. Based on the social reality analysis, it is shown that development of the present-day higher education takes place in conditions of contradictory social trends, originating in the late 1970s. On the one hand, a stronger management of the public sector is implemented, and on the other hand, its erosion and democratization occur. Strategic systems of social development conceptualizations – “New Public Management”, “Management Networks”, “Neo-Weberian State” – demonstrate key transformations experienced by modern university. The University 3.0 model originates from these systems and extends its social mission as a corporate entity of knowledge economy and a core driver of economic growth. The Network University is a model of cross-institutional interaction that provides strategic research and education excellence as well as efficient ways of knowledge production. The Creative University is a model of an anthroposocial system creating a human-being of the future both in terms of socio-economy and existentiality. The Innovative & Entrepreneurial University can be described as a model of Knowledge Corporation providing rapid technological and economic growth of the society. The most important function of this University is penetration of students’ competencies into the socio-economic sphere and their direct participation in economic activities. The social role of University 3.0 includes the creation of basic structures of the knowledge society. University 3.0 becomes the basis for global competitiveness of national economies and geopolitical alliances, and its entrepreneurial ecosystem generates new, fast-growing industries, advanced technology markets, administrative and territorial spaces with high-end economy.

University 3.0; society; education; science; research; commercialization; knowledge; innovation; entrepreneurship; network


Карпов А.О. Основные теоретические понятия общества знаний // Вестник Российской академии наук. 2015. № 9. С. 812–820 [Karpov A.O. (2015) Basic theoretical concepts of the knowledge society. Vestnik rossiyskoi akademii nauk [Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences]. Vol. 85. No. 9: 812–820 (In Russ.)].

Карпов А.О. “Товаризация” образования против общества знаний // Вестник Российской академии наук. 2014. Т. 84. № 5. С. 434–440 [Karpov A.O. (2014) Commodification of education versus knowledge society. Vestnik rossiyskoi akademii nauk [Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences]. Vol. 84. No. 5: 434–440 (In Russ.]).

Мониторинг эффективности инновационной деятельности университетов России. СПб.: Университет ИТМО, АО “РВК”, 2016. [Monitoring of the effectiveness of universities’ innovation activities (2016). Saint Petersburg: ITMO University, JSC “RVC” (In Russ.]).

Национальный доклад об инновациях в России М.: Минэкономразвития России; Открытое правительство; РВК. 2015 [National Report on Innovations in Russia (2015). Moscow: Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation; Open Government; RVC (In Russ.)].

Скотт Р. Инновационная стратегия Великобритании // Форсайт. 2009. Т. 3. № 4. С. 16–21 [Scott R. (2009) The UK Innovation Strategy. Foresight-Russia. Vol. 3. No. 4: 16–21 (In Russ.) DOI http://–459x.2007.1.74.79]

Bell D. (2008). The Axial Age of Technology Foreword: 1999. In: Bell D. The Coming of Post-Industrial Society: A Venture of Social Forecasting. New York: Basic Books: ix-lxxxvi.

Boys J. (2011). Towards Creative Learning Spaces: Re-thiking the Architecture of Post-Compulsory Education. London; New York: Routledge.

Carayannis E.G., Campbell D.F.J. (2009) “Mode 3” and “Quadruple Helix”: Toward a 21st Century Fractal Innovation Ecosystem. IJTM (International Journal of Technology Management). Olney, UK: Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. Vol. 46. No. 3/4: 201–234.

Carayannis E.G., Campbell D.F.J. (2011) Open Innovation Diplomacy and a 21st Centure Fractal Research, Education and Innovation (FREIE) Ecosystem: Building on the Quadruple and Quintuple Helix Innovation Concepts and the “Mode 3” Knowledge Production System. Journal of the Knowledge Economy. Klagenfurt: Springer Science&Business Media. Vol. 2(3): 327–372.

Carayannis E.G., Campbell D.F.J. (2010) Triple Helix, Quadruple Helix and Quintuple Helix and How Do Knowledge, Innovation and the Environment Relate To Each Other? A Proposed Framework for a Trans-disciplinary analysis of Sustainable development and Social Ecology. IJSESD (International Journal of Social Ecology and Sustainable Development). Hershey, PA USA: IGI Global. No. 1(1): 41–69.

Castells M. (2010). The Information Age: Economy, Society, and Culture: Vol. I: The Rise of the Network Society. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Chesbrough H.W. (2003) Open Innovation: The New Imperative for Creating and Profiting from Technology. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

Creative Economy Report 2008 (2008). New York: United Nations.

Creativity and Higher Education: Report on the EUA Creativity Project 2006–2007 (2007). Brussels: European University Association.

Curley M., Formica Р. (2015) Introduction. In: The Experimental Nature of New Venture Creation: Capitalizing on Open Innovation 2.0 (Innovation, Technology and Knowlege Management). New York: Springer Science & Businnes Media: 1–12.

Designing Spaces for Creative Collaboration (2012). An interview with Scott Doorley and Scott Witthoft. In: Boston: Harvard Business Review, 2012. URL: // (accessed 05.06.2015).

Dijk J. van. (2006) The Network Society. London: Sage.

Etzkowitz H. (2008) The Triple Helix: University Industry Government. Innovation in Action. New York and London: Routledge.

Etzkowitz H., Leydesdorff L. (2000) The Dynamics of Innovation: from National Systems and “Mode 2” to a Triple Helix of University–Industry–Government Relationsю In: Research Policy. Amsterdam: Elsevier. Vol. 29. Issue 2: 109–123.

Etzkowitz H., Leydesdorff L. (1995) The Triple Helix: University-Industry-Government Relations: A Laboratory for Knowledge Based Economic Development. EASST (European Association for the Study of Science and Technology) Review. Maastricht: EASST. Vol. 14. No. 1: 14–19.

Ferlie E., Musselin C., Andresani G. (2009) The Governance of Higher Education Systems: A Public Management Perspective. In: University Governance: Western European Comparative Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer Science & Business Media: 1–20.

Florida R.L. (2002) The Rise Of The Creative Class: And How It’s Transforming Work, Leisure, Community And Everyday Life. New York: Basic Books.

Gibbons M., Limoges C., Nowotny H., Schwartzman S., Scott P., Trow M. (1994) The New Production of Knowledge: The Dynamics of Science and Research in Contemporary Societies. London: SAGE.

Karpov A.O. (2016) Generative Learning in Research Education for the Knowledge Society. In: International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education. Den Haag: Look academic publishers. Vol. 11. No. 6: 1621–1633.

Karpov A.O. (2015a) Integrated and network systems of research education in the knowledge society (by example of the Russian educational system). Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. Rome: MCSER Publishing. Vol. 6. No. 6 (November): 529–540.

Karpov А.О. (2015b) Formation of the Modern Concept of Research Education: from New Age to a Knowledge Society. In: Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 214: 439–447.

Lane J.E. (2013) Higher Education System 3.0: Adding Value to States and Institutions. In: Higher Education System 3.0: Harnessing Systemness, Deliviring Perfomance. New York: State University of New York Press: 3–26.

Martin P., Morris R., Rogers A., Kilgallon S. (2010) What are Creative Spaces? In: Making Space for Creativity. Brighton: University of Brighton: 23–26.

Paradeise C., Reale E., Goastellec G. A (2009a) Comporative Approach to Higher Educations Reform in Western European Countries. In: University Governance: Western European Comparative Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer Science & Business Media: 197–226.

Paradeise C., Reale E., Goastellec G., Bleiklie I. (2009b) Universities Steering between Stories and History. In: University governance: Western European Comparative Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer Science & Business Media, 2009b: 227–290.

Pollеt C., Bouckaert G. (2004) Public Managements Reform: A Comparative Analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Thursby J., Kemp S. (2002) Growth and Productive Efficiency in University Intellectual Prorerty Licensing. Research Policy. Amsterdam: Elsevier. No. 1: 109–124.

Wellman B. (1979) Community Question: The Intimate Networks of East Yorkers. In: American Journal of Sociology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. No. 84(5): 1201–1231.

Wierzbicki A.P., Nakamori Y. (2005) Creative Space: Models of Creative Processes for the Knowledge Civillization Age. Rotterdam: Springer Science & Business Media, 2005.

Content No 9, 2017