University 3.0 – social mission and reality


Karpov A.O.

Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Cand. Sci. (Physic. and mathem.), Head of Department, Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Moscow, Russia a.o.karpov@gmail.com

DOI: 10.7868/S0132162517060137
ID of the Article:


For citation:

Karpov A.O. University 3.0 – social mission and reality. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2017. No 9. P. 114-124




Abstract

Sweeping changes coming from decisive importance of universities for innovative development and economic growth are observed in the higher education systems in economically developed countries. New spheres of activities in the University include technology development and transfer, commercialization of academy products and their market launch campaigns, creation of new businesses, intellectual property management for profit-earning. This is the basis for University 3.0 model three key social missions – education, research activities, economic and social development (including knowledge commercialization). The purpose of this work is to present a sociological analysis of the problem associated with establishment of University 3.0, its socio-economic reality, and fundamental social missions; to disclose social content of the network, creative, innovative, and entrepreneurial University models, which form the core of the University and make NCI&E-model proposed by the author, and to give examples of scientific study of the University 3.0 problematics. Based on the social reality analysis, it is shown that development of the present-day higher education takes place in conditions of contradictory social trends, originating in the late 1970s. On the one hand, a stronger management of the public sector is implemented, and on the other hand, its erosion and democratization occur. Strategic systems of social development conceptualizations – “New Public Management”, “Management Networks”, “Neo-Weberian State” – demonstrate key transformations experienced by modern university. The University 3.0 model originates from these systems and extends its social mission as a corporate entity of knowledge economy and a core driver of economic growth. The Network University is a model of cross-institutional interaction that provides strategic research and education excellence as well as efficient ways of knowledge production. The Creative University is a model of an anthroposocial system creating a human-being of the future both in terms of socio-economy and existentiality. The Innovative & Entrepreneurial University can be described as a model of Knowledge Corporation providing rapid technological and economic growth of the society. The most important function of this University is penetration of students’ competencies into the socio-economic sphere and their direct participation in economic activities. The social role of University 3.0 includes the creation of basic structures of the knowledge society. University 3.0 becomes the basis for global competitiveness of national economies and geopolitical alliances, and its entrepreneurial ecosystem generates new, fast-growing industries, advanced technology markets, administrative and territorial spaces with high-end economy.


Keywords
University 3.0; society; education; science; research; commercialization; knowledge; innovation; entrepreneurship; network

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