The potential of successful parenting in foster families


Bezrukova O.N.

Cand. Sci. (Sociol.), Assoc. Prof., Saint Petersburg State University. Saint Petersburg, Russia. o.bezrukova@spbu.ru

Samoilova V.А.

Cand. Sci (Psychol.), Assoc. Prof., Saint-Petersburg State University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia v.samojlova@spbu.ru

DOI: 10.7868/S0132162517110125
ID of the Article:


For citation:

Bezrukova O.N., Samoilova V.А. The potential of successful parenting in foster families. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2017. No 11. P. 111-121




Abstract

The article contains analysis of parental potential in foster families and the resources of its strengthening with the support of the professional community. The research is based on focus group of 36 parents and 29 experts. We analyzed typological features of parents in foster families based on the evaluation of parental potential and successful parenting distinguishing following four groups of foster parents: “Competent”, “Adaptive”, “Rigid”, and “Tired”. As a result of the study, we have revealed the images of an adopted child as perceived by the parents – “Broken child”, “I don’t want to, I can’t, I won’t!”, “ Mowgli ”, “Typical hooligan”. Based on numerous cases of repeated rejection on the part of foster parents we suggest analysing the parental potential and successful parenting in foster families. We have developed the key principles for specialists to work with parents in foster families – development of motivation for parenthood, concentration of efforts on individual’s strengths, focusing attention on resources at all levels of social support, differentiated care with due regard to the typological characteristics of children and parents, children’s age, stage of adoptive parenthood, familycentered approach in providing assistance, preparing and guidance of fathers in their role of a foster parent, testing the parental potential of candidates for foster parents, and public recognition.


Keywords
foster family; foster parenting; prevention of recurrent child abandonment; orphan children; parental potential; successful parenting; guidance for foster families

References

Bezrukova O. N. (2014) Рarenthood Мodels and Рarents Рotential: Intergenerational Analysis. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological studies]. No. 9: 85–97. (In Russ.)

Bezrukova O. N., Samoilova V. A. (2016) Authoritarian syndrome in mothers’ child-rearing culture. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological studies]. No. 8: 43–53. (In Russ.)

Bezrukova O. N., Samoylova V. A., Ryskina V. L. (2016) The Cultural Capital of Motherhood and the Values of Family Upbringing: A Comparative Analysis. Sotsiologicheskiy Zhurnal [Sociological Journal]. Vol. 22. No. 3: 107–128. (In Russ.)

Cole S. A. (2005) Foster Caregiver Motivation and Infant Attachment: How do Reasons for Fostering Affect Relationships? Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal. Vol. 22: 441–458.

Harden B. J., Panlilio C., Morrison C., Duncan A. D., Duchene M., Clyman R. B. (2017) Emotion regulation of preschool children in foster care: the influence of maternal depression and parenting. Journal of Child and Family Studies. Vol. 26 (4): 1124–1134.

Kobasa S. C., Maddi S. R., Kahn S. (1982) Hardiness and health: a prospective study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Vol. 42: 168–177.

Krasnitckaya G. (2010) Adaptation of the Child to a New Family. Social’naja pedagogika v Rossii. [Social pedagogy in Russia]. No 4: 59–64. (In Russ.)

Morozova I. S., Belogay K. N., Ott T. O. (2014) Special Features of ChildrenParents Relations in Foster Families. Vestnik Kemerovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Bulletin of Kemerovo State University]. No. 3(3):146–151 (In Russ.)

Palieva N., Savchenko V., Solomatina G. (2011) Motivation for adopting a foster child in a substitute family. Obshhestvo. Sreda. Razvitie. [Society. Environment. Development]. No.1: 132–137. (In Russ.).

Polyakova O., Orlova A. (2016) Educating foster parents: principles, structure, documents. Moscow: Lepta Kniga. (In Russ.)

Saralieva Z. H. (2014) Subinstitute of the Parenthood in Modern Family Sistems. Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N. I. Lobachevskogo. Serijа: Social’nye nauki [Bulletin of the Nizhny Novgorod University. N. I. Lobachevsky. Series: Social Sciences]. 2014. No. 2 (34): 118–123 (In Russ.)

Scozzaro Ch., Janikowski T. P. (2015) Mental Health Diagnosis, Medication, Treatment and Placement Milieu of Children in Foster Care. Journal of Child and Family Studies. Vol. 24 (9): 2560–2567.

Thompson H., McPherson S., Marsland L. (2016) Am I damaging my own family? Relational changes between foster carers and their birth children. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry. Vol. 21 (1): 48–65.

Tikhonova I. V. (2015) Retrospective Study of Motives for Fostering a Child in a Families with Different Levels of Foster care Efficiency. Vestnik Kostromskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. N. A. Nekrasova [Vestnik of Kostroma state university]. Vol. 21. No. 4: 221–226. (In Russ.)

Content No 11, 2017