Anthroposociocultural evolutionism – a metatheorеtical principle of studying human communities


Lapin N.I.

Corresponding Member of RAS, Chief Rresearcher, Head of thе Center for Sociocultural Changes Studies, Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia lapini31@mail.ru

DOI: 10.7868/S0132162518030017
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For citation:

Lapin N.I. Anthroposociocultural evolutionism – a metatheorеtical principle of studying human communities . Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2018. No 3. P. 3-14




Abstract

Metatheorizing in social sciences, the author believes, is principles of studying human societies as objects making a relatively new, third form of being of the evolving universe – its anthroposociocultural being. The principle of anthroposocietal evolutionism (ASC evolutionism) as a concretization of universal evolutionism (V. Vernadsky, N. Moiseev, V. Styopin) has been proposed. Universals of human communities and new foundations of their typology have been formulated. The principle of ASC evolutionism is topical for diagnosing the Russian society as a whole; a hypothesis of its milestone stage has been introduced: it remains in the bifurcation zone, where there are possibilities of both aggravation of the socially unjust (parasitical) outcomes of the transition, especially in frontier regions with their clan structure and archaic ways, and development of new qualities, mechanisms. The evolutionary character of the necessary self-development can be ensured through coordinated interaction of the processes of changes «from above and from below». The initial steps of such self-development are expedient, namely: 1) approval of the federal target programme of the retraining of public sector employees working in federal and regional bodies: «Interaction between personnel of the central and regional bodies means everything!»; 2) multi-level innovation system, beginning with its primary levels – municipal and regional innovative systems; 3) formation of a strong social state as a subject of self-development of the society and regions; 4) legitimation of independent monitoring surveys, performing civic expertise analysis of the interaction of the sociocultural activity of people and employees of administrative bodies in the regions.


Keywords
anthroposociocultural evolutionism; universals of human communities, their synergic complexity; new foundations of a typology of communities; milestone stage of the Russian society; ways of transition of modern Russia to the path of self-development

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Content No 3, 2018