Social mood in the regions of nuclear power plants


Maksimova S.G.

Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Prof., Head of the Department of Communication and Psychology, Altai State University, Barnaul, Russia svet‑maximova@yandex.ru

Akulich M.M.

Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Prof., Department of general and economic sociology, Tyumen State University, Tyumen, Russia. m.m.akulich@utmn.ru

Pit V.V.

Cand. Sci. (Econ.), Head of Scientific and Technical Center «Perspektiva», Tyumen, Russia. pit‑v@yandex.ru

DOI: 10.7868/S013216251804013X
ID of the Article:


For citation:

Maksimova S.G., Akulich M.M., Pit V.V. Social mood in the regions of nuclear power plants. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2018. No 4. P. 118-126




Abstract

The article presents analyses of social sentiments in the regions where nuclear power stations are located based on 2014 and 2015 monitoring data. The attitude of the population to the nuclear power industry, the level of its social accept‑ ability, the role of the NPP in the social and economic development of the region and the degree of public awareness of the activities of nuclear power plants are analyzed. The studied territories’ population generally supports the existence and devel‑ opment of enterprises engaged in the production of electricity using nuclear technologies, perceiving them as a way to ensure our country’s energy resources. Conclusions are drawn about the differential nature of the integral index of social acceptability of nuclear energy. Public opinion in the regions and cities of the location of nuclear power plants is heterogeneous and is based on the perception and assessment of the ratio of objective and subjective risk and safety in living conditions near technologically hazardous industries. This opinion is also based on objective knowledge about modern achievements of nuclear energy and on the trust in the professionalism and responsibility of specialists working in the nuclear industry.


Keywords
social sentiments; social acceptability of risk; index; nuclear power; nuclear energy

References

Beck U. (1992) Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. London: Sage.

Bergen J.P. (2016) Reversibility and Nuclear Energy Production Technologies: A Framework and Three Cases. Ethics, Policy and Environment. Vol. 19. Iss. 1, 2: 37–59.

Kuznetsov V.N. (2005) Nationwide goal: human security and well‑being as a fundamental problem of Russian social sciences. Obschestvo i pravo. No. 1 (7): 14–54. (In Russ.)

Levada Y. (1998) Indices of social sentiment in the “norm” and in the crisis. Monitoring obshchestvennogo mneniya ehkonomicheskie i socialnye peremeny [Monitoring of public opinion: economic and social changes]. No. 6: 7–13. (In Russ.)

Levashov V.K. (2002). Globalization and social security. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Stud‑ ies]. No. 3: 1–21. (In Russ.)

Maksimova S.G., Noyansina O.E. (2013) A conceptual model of the interconnection and interdependence of social risks of the reproduction of deviations and social security. Innovatika i ekspertiza: nauchnyie trudyi [Innovatics and examination: scientific works]. No. 2 (11): 234–246. (In Russ.)

Maksimova S.G., Goncharova N.P., Noyansina O.E., Omelchenko D.A., Avdeeva G.S. (2014) Methodology for the formation of regional samples in socio‑economic studies of social risks and safety of the population of border areas. Vestnik Altayskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta [Bulletin of the Altai state agricultural university]. No. 8 (118): 153–159. (In Russ.)

Maksimova S.G., Noyansina O.E., Omelchenko D.A. (2017) The model of social exclusion of persons of older age groups of the Siberia regions. Uspehi gerontologii [Achievements of gerontology]. V. 30. No. 4: 579–586. (In Russ.)

Mozgovaya A.V., Shlykova E.V. (2010). “Social acceptability of risk” as a sociological category. Sociologiya: Metodologiya Metody Matematicheskoe modelirovanie [Sociology: Methodology, Method, Mathematical Models]. No. 31: 30–45. (In Russ.)

Ponukalin A.A. (2004). The strategy of social management of the development of nuclear energy. Dissert. cand. sociol. nauk. Saratov. (In Russ.)

Semenova V.V. (2016) Subjective social mobility: the possibility of a qualitative approach. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 6 (386). P. 84–93. (In Russ.)

Toschenko J.T. (1998). Social mood is a phenomenon of modern sociological theory and practice. Sociologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No: 21–35. (In Russ.)

Zubarevich N.V. Monitoring of the crisis and post-crisis development of Russian regions. Sotsialnyiy atlas rossiyskih regionov [Social atlas of Russian regions]. URL: http://www.socpol.ru/atlas/overviews/social_ sphere/kris.shtml (accessed 15.12.2017). (In Russ.)

Content No 4, 2018