Sociology as a method of self-cognition of the society


Volkov Yu.G.

Dr.Sci.(Philos.), Scientific Adviser of the Institute of Sociology and Area of the Southern Federal University, Director of the South Russian branch of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of RAS, Rostovon-Don, Russia infoippk@sfedu.ru

Lubskiy A.V.

Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Prof., Institute of Sociology and Regional Studies of Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia n_avl@mail.ru

DOI: 10.31857/S013216250000170-0
ID of the Article:


For citation:

Volkov Yu.G. , Lubskiy A.V. Sociology as a method of self-cognition of the society. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2018. No 7. P. 3-12




Abstract

The article reveals the peculiarity of sociology after postmodernism as a way of self- cognition of the society, which is characterized by the variety of paradigmatic bases of scientific and research practices. The conceptual interpretation of these practices makes it possible to distinguish the classical, nonclassical and neoclassical models of sociological research. The basis for classical model of sociological research related to the traditions of positivism, scientism and classical rationality is the objectivist, realistic, socio-centrist, explaining and nomothetic style of sociological thinking. The nonclassical model of sociological research, connected with the traditions of antipositivism, antiscience and nonclassical rationality, is based on the axiological, nominalistic, anthropocentric, understanding and idiographic style of sociological thinking. The neoclassical model of sociological research began to take shape in the mainstream of critical trend in sociology as a "response" to the epistemological "challenges" of postmodernism. It is based on critical, constructive-realistic, holistic and synthetic style of sociological thinking that has been developed within the framework of neoclassical rationality.


Keywords
sociology; crisis of sociology; classical model of sociological research; nonclassical model of sociological research; neoclassical model of sociological research; postmodern epistemology; new type of methodological consciousness; multi-paradigmality of sociological research

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Content No 7, 2018