Is University 3.0 Feasible in Russia?
Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Cand. Sci. (Physic. and mathem.), Head of Department, Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Moscow, Russia email@example.com
The paper addresses the issues related to prerequisites and ways of the University 3.0 development in the Russian socio-cultural context. Russian and foreign universities are compared in executing the missions of training, research and socio-economic development. Findings of the comparison show a catastrophic lag in the Russian higher education system. Data of global university ratings, Project 5–100, the Rating of Russian HEIes-2017 are used to appraise classical missions. To analyze the third mission, comparisons are made to foreign universities based on indicators of innovation and entrepreneurial activities; data of monitoring performance of Russian universities and information from foreign sources are used. To study the potential of the country for the University 3.0 development, an index of prerequisites for its development (University Development Index or UDI) was designed. Composite and elementary components of the Global Competitiveness Index (GCI) are used as UDI parameters that characterize opportunities for an effective implementation of the three University’s missions. Based on calculated values of UDI, Russia’s extremely low potential for creating University 3.0 is revealed in comparison with a sample of culturally differentiated countries. Socio-economic and cultural factors hindering the University 3.0 development in Russia are discussed. Examples of social structures to be built to enable the University 3.0 creation in Russian conditions are offered. This results in a conclusion that scientific methods are required in the University 3.0 designing.
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