The Attitude of Russian Students to Color Revolutions
Dr. Sci. (Soc.), Prof., rector, Saratov State Law Academy, Saratov, Russia. email@example.com
Dr. Sci. (Law), Prof., Director of the Saratov Branch of the Institute of State and Law, Russian Academy of Sciences, Saratov, Russia. firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. Sci. (His.), Prof. Chair of history, Political Science, Sociology and Service, Saratov State Law Academy, Saratov, Russia email@example.com
Dr. Sci. (Soc.), Prof., Chair of history, Political Science, Sociology and Service, Saratov State Law Academy, Saratov, Russia firstname.lastname@example.org
The article analyzes the results of the sociological study «The attitude of Russian students to color revolutions, political and legal measures to counter them» (N = 1652), carried out in 2016–2017 by means of questioning the respondents at their home higher schools. The sampling frame was the quota approach to representation of students of higher schools of the Russian Federation federal districts. The study revealed the correspondence of understanding by the majority of students of the essence of color revolutions to the existing interpretations of this phenomenon in the public information space: «technologies of coups d’état», «violent change of a legitimate power», «foreign interference into the internal political and constitutional processes of countries». Students underestimate the destructive impact of color revolutions on the society. The level of the protest mood depends on social conditions and unemployment. There are regional differences in the assessment of conditions that might provoke the emergence of a color revolution in modern Russia. Students of the territories, where the material well-being is lower, but the interest in politics and experience of participation in political actions is higher, estimate the risk of a color revolution in the country as more probable. Among the measures to counteract color revolutions, along with the legal mechanisms of protecting the information space, students propose that measures to combat corruption and improve living standards, taking into account the interests of the population, be strengthened.
Arjamova A.D. (2015) Color Revolutions as Instruments of Foreign Policy of the Anglo-American Political Alliance. Vlast' [Power]. No. 8: 206–210. (In Russ.)
Bagdasarjan V. (2017) The World under the Eye of the Revolution. Saint-Petersburg: Piter. (In Russ.)
Elishev S.O. (2015) Youth as an Object of Socialization and Manipulation. Moscow: Kanon+. (In Russ.)
Fedorovskih A.A. (2015) «Color Revolution» as a Kind of Putsch: Administrative Bureaucracy Resource versus Manipulative Democracy of Pressure Groups. Vestnik upravlenija [Journal of Management]. No. 1. URL: http://vestnik.uapa.ru/ru/issue/2015/01/01 (accessed 21.08.2017). (In Russ.)
Gorshkov M.K., Sheregi F.Je. (2010) Youth of Russia: Sociological Portrait. Moscow: CSPiM. (In Russ.)
Hejl G. (2008) Presidential Regime, the Revolution and Democracy. Pro et Contra. No. 1: 6–21. (In Russ.)
Horn Gerd Rainer. (2007) The Spirit of ’68: Rebellion in Western Europe and North America, 1956–1976. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Karpovich O.G., Manojlo A.V. (2015) Color Revolutions. Theory and Practice of the Dismantling of Modern Political Regimes. Moscow: Zakon i parvo. (In Russ.)
Klimke M. (2008) The «Other» Alliance: Global Protest and Student Unrest in West Germany and the U.S., 1962–1972. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Kuntz Ph., Thompson M.R. (2009) More than Just the Final Straw. Stolen Elections as Revolutionary Triggers. Comparative Politics. April: 253–272.
Loginova L.V. (2013) Regional Disproportion on the Labour Market and Labour Policy Problems. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 7: Filosofiya. Sotsiologiya i sotsial'nye tekhnologii [Logos et Praxis]. No. 1(19): 78–87. (In Russ.)
Loginova L.V. (2008) Institutionalization of Corruptibility in Russia. Vestnik Saratovskoj gosudarstvennoj yuridicheskoj akademii [Bulletin of the Saratov State Law Academy]. No. 1(59): 117–123. (In Russ.)
Magаril S. (2009) Is Russia Capable of Educating the Political Elite. Obschaya tetrad [General Notebook]. No. 2: 62–72. (In Russ.)
Malko A.V., Konovalov I.N., Pleshakov A.P. (2016) The «Color Revolutions» as a Shadow Component of Legal-political Life of Modern Society and Ways to Combat Them. Pravovaya politika i pravovaya zhizn' [Legal Policy and Legal Life]. No. 3(64): 8–12. (In Russ.)
Manojlo A.V. (2015) Hybrid War and the Color Revolutions in World Politics. Pravo i politika [Law and Politics]. No. 7(187): 918–929. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.7256/1811-9018.2015.7.15832.
McFaul M. The Unfinished Revolution: Political Change from Gorbachev to Putin. URL: http://www. inosmi.ru/books/20040717/211330.html (accessed 12.09.2017). (In Russ.)
Merkulov P.A. (2015) Young People as the Main Resource of «Color Revolutions» and the Struggle for It. Vlast' [Power]. No. 6: 63–66. (In Russ.)
Mukomel V.I., Khaikin S.R. (2016) Crimean Tatars after the «Crimean Spring»: Transformation of Identities. Monitoring obshchestvennogo mneniya: ekonomicheskie i social'nye peremeny. [Monitoring of Public Opini on: Economic and Social Changes]. No. 3: 51–68. (In Russ.)
Naumova A.Ju., Avdeev V.E., Naumov A.O. (2015) Color Revolutions in the Former Soviet Union. SaintPetersburg: Aletejja. (In Russ.)
Sharp Dzh. (1993) From Dictatorship to Democracy. The Conceptual Basis of Liberation. Institut im. Al'berta Jenshtejna. (In Russ.)
Vorontsov S.A., Ponedelkov A.V. (2017) Russia 2017: the Role and Place of Federal and Regional Elites. Vlast' [Power]. No. 1: 18–24. (In Russ.)