Judicial System of Post-Soviet Russia:
Dr. Sri. (Pol.), Prof., Department of Political Science, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia email@example.com
This article provides insight into the state of the judicial system in post-Soviet Russia within social context. It involves results of a survey of the Russian citizens’ attitude towards the judicial system and judiciary. Majority disapproval is determined by the fact that people do not respect or trust courts of law assuming that they are dependent and influenced by other political and economic actors. They believe that the judges are not willing to protect citizens’ rights, are corrupt, unfair and inhumane, which determines the accusatory bias of the Russian judicial system. At the same time, Russian judiciary consists mainly of representatives of administrative and bureaucratic professional subculture focused on superior authorities and powers, most court chairpersons have Soviet professional training and experience. The judicial system of post-Soviet Russia has inherited problems of Soviet justice and is incapable of acting in the social system as an impartial arbitrator and conscience of the state.
Annual Report of European Court of Human Rights. (2018) Council of Europe. URL: https://www.echr.coe.int/ Documents/Annual_report_2018_ENG.pd (accessed 21.03.2019).
Morshchakova T.G. (ed.) (2003) Comments on the Legislation on the Judicial System of the Russian Federation. Moscow: Yurist. (In Russ.)
Courts: Ideas about Their Justice, Independence, Personal Experience. (2018) Weekly survey «FOMnibus» 4–5 August. FOM. URL: https://fom.ru/Bezopasnost-i-pravo/14080 (accessed 29.03.2019). (In Russ.)
Institutional Trust. (2015–2018) Press Releases. Levada-Center. URL: https://www.levada.ru/category/press/ (accessed 29.03.2019). (In Russ.)
Nisnevich Yu.A. (2017) Politics and Corruption: Corruption as a Factor in the Global Political Process. Moscow: Yurajt. (In Russ.)
Pashin S. (2014) The Judicial System of Russia: Perelitsovka. Otechestvennye zapiski [Domestic Notes]. No. 3(60). URL: http://www.strana-oz.ru/2014/3/sudebnaya-sistema-rossii-perelicovka (accessed 29.03.2019). (In Russ.)
People and Corruption: Europe and Central Asia. (2016) Global Corruption Barometer. Transparency International.
Russia 2014: Mysteries of Public Opinion. Will the Patriotic Mobilization Survive the Economic Crisis? (2015) Fond Liberal'naia missiia [Foundation «Liberal Mission»]. URL: http://www.liberal.ru/ articles/6694 (accessed 29.03.2019). (In Russ.)
State and Public Institutions: Performance Evaluation. (2018) Press Release. 27 December. VTsIOM. URL: https://wciom.ru/index.php?id=236&uid=9494 (accessed 21.03.2019). (In Russ.)
The Global Competitiveness Report 2017–2018. (2018) The World Economic Forum. URL: http://www3. weforum.org/docs/GCR2016-2017/05FullReport/TheGlobalCompetitivenessReport2017-2018_ FINAL.pdf (accessed 21.03.2019).
Volkov V., Dmitrieva A., Pozdniakov M., Titaev K. (2015) Russian Judges. Sociological Study of the Profession. Moscow: Norma. (In Russ.)
Volkov V.V., Dmitrieva A.V., Pozdniakov M.L., Titaev K.D. (2012) Russian Judges as a Professional Group: Sociological Research. Saint-Petersburg: Institut problem pravoprimeneniya Evropejskogo universiteta v Sankt-Peterburge. (In Russ.)
Vorozheikina T., Gudkov L., Zorkaia N., Ovakimian A. (2014) Monitoring the Attitude of the Russian Population to the Judicial Reform and the Judicial System. Vestnik obshchestvennogo mneniya [The Herald of Public Opinion]. No. 3–4 (118): 13–69. (In Russ.)
Zolotukhin B.A. (ed.) (2001) The Concept of Judicial Reform in the Russian Federation. Moscow: ZAO «Redaktsiya gazety “Demokraticheskij vybor”». (In Russ.)