Gender Features of Precarity


Shevchenko I.O.

Cand. Sci.(Hist.), Assoc. Prof., Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia sheviren@yandex.ru

Shevchenko P.V.

Cand. Sci. (Psychol.), Assoc. Prof., Senior Scientific Researcher, Moscow Pedagogical State University, Moscow, Russia shevpav@yandex.ru

DOI: 10.31857/S013216250006671-1
ID of the Article:


This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, project No. 18-18-00024.


For citation:

Shevchenko I.O., Shevchenko P.V. Gender Features of Precarity. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2019. No 9. P. 84-95




Abstract

The positions of men and women in the labor market are considered, the precarity coefficient of work on the basis of a RSUH study is offered and calculated. The following features of precary work are taken into account: works without a contract or with a contract for not more than 1 year; non-conformity of education and qualification with the content of work; systematic overwork over 8 hours a day; additional part-time job in the same or outside organization (regular or irregular); getting salary under the table–systematic or sometimes occurring; frequent change of job (more than once for the last 3 years); personal inability to influence important decisions in one’s organization. It`s found that the main men precariously signs are changing jobs and the salary under the table, and the main women precariously signs are additional part-time job, inability to influence decision-making in their organizations, non-conformity of work to education and work without a contract. This difference corresponds with the asymmetric position in the labour market. The rate of precarity is 1,1 for men and 0,9 for women. It is not gender that has the most influence on the labor precarity, but uneven employment of men and women in economic sectors, in which the precariat work is more or less in demand.


Keywords
employment; labour market; precariat workers; men; women; precarity coefficient of work; employment contract; wages; social guarantees; additional employment

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Content No 9, 2019