Extra-urban Localities:
Hybridization of 'Rural' and 'Urban' in the Process of Migration of Citizens to the Countryside


Makshanchikova A.Yu.

Ph.D.stud., Doctoral School of Sociology, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia ayupetrova@hse.ru

Nikishin E.A.

Ph.D.stud., Doctoral School of Sociology, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia enikishin@hse.ru

Popov D.S.

Cand. Sci. (Sociol.), Leading Researcher, Institute of Sociology of FCTAS RAS; Associate Prof., National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia dmtrppv@gmail.com

DOI: 10.31857/S013216250007751-9
ID of the Article:


This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project No. 17-33-00065-OGN.


For citation:

Makshanchikova A.Yu., Nikishin E.A., Popov D.S. Extra-urban Localities: Hybridization of 'Rural' and 'Urban' in the Process of Migration of Citizens to the Countryside. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2019. No 12. P. 61-70




Abstract

Article examines the migration of urban working age middle-class citizens to rural areas. Research focuses on de-urbanization processes, mobility (both physical, from the city to rural areas, and socio-cultural), the construction of rural localities by the ex-citizens, and their interaction with local and city communities, as well as the new social realities emergence. The research is concentrated on the nonurban spaces of the Near North, where in-depth interviews were carried out during a cross-disciplinary expedition. Article is focused on moving from urban to non-urban spaces, professional activities of the settlers, and their interaction with social environment We examine the ‘production of locality’ concept, specifics of new hybrid identities, and lifestyles of those moved to rural areas. There are several trends in the process of constructing new localities. On the one hand, the locality produced by city migrants fills rural space with ‘humanistic’ meanings, opens the door to its rational use, making it attractive while forming the resource streams, strongly connected to the city. However, at the same time there is a tendency of producing of quasi-traditional ‘rurality’ and ‘theme parks’ construction, simulacrum-like in its nature and not culturally rooted in the Near North and local rural communities everydayness.


Keywords
deurbanization; locality production; mobility; Near North

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Content No 12, 2019