The State of Scientific Sphere of the Republic of Belarus:
Statistical Data Analysis


Danilov А.N.

Corresponding member of National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Dr. Sci. (Sociology), Prof., Head of the Department of Sociology, Belarusian State University, Minsk, Belarus a.danilov@tut.by

Belov A.A.

Cand. Sci. (Sociol.), Head of the Department in Belarusian Institute of System Analysis and Information Support of Scientific and Technical Sphere, Minsk, Republic of Belarus. belov88@tut.by

Scholkova T.V.

Cand. Sci. (Sociol), Assoc. Prof. of the Chair of Sociology of Belarusian State University, Minsk, Republic of Belarus. tanar2002@tut.by

DOI: 10.31857/S013216250009623-8
ID of the Article:


For citation:

Danilov А.N., Belov A.A., Scholkova T.V. The State of Scientific Sphere of the Republic of Belarus: Statistical Data Analysis. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2020. No 7. P. 15-26




Abstract

The problems of adapting scientific sphere of the Republic of Belarus to functioning under sovereignty are given analysis to. Four stages of its transformation and features are identified. A comparative analysis of the level of resource support of science is carried out. Its results state that the former USSR countries, including Belarus, are far behind the average level of the EU countries as far as research and development costs and staffing in the scientific sphere are concerned. The significant decline in resource support of science in Belarus happened in the period from 1991 to 1996 and then remained at approximately the same level. Effectiveness of innovative activity is found out to be dependent on the level of resource support of the scientific sphere. Underfunding of science entails insufficient production of new knowledge and technologies. The level of publication activity of Belarusian scientists in highrated academic journals included in the international Scopus and Web of Science databases remains low.


Keywords
scientific sphere of the Republic of Belarus; adaptation; innovative activity; human resources; global innovation index; publication activity in Scopus and Web of Science databases

References

About Scientific and Innovative Activities in the Republic of Belarus in 2018. (2019) Statistical Bulletin. Minsk: Nats. stat. komitet RB. URL: https://www.belstat.gov.by/ofitsialnaya-statistika/publications/ izdania/public_bulletin/index_13528/ (accessed 10.05.2020). (In Russ.)

About Scientific and Innovative Activities in the Republic of Belarus in 2019. (2020) Statistical Bulletin. Minsk: Nats. stat. komitet RB. URL: https://www.belstat.gov.by/ofitsialnaya-ostatistika/publications/ izdania/public_bulletin/index_16952/ (accessed 10.05.2020). (In Russ.)

Lektorskij V.A. (2018) Man and Culture. Selected Articles. St. Petersburg: SPbGUP. (In Russ.)

Myasnikovich M.V. (2016) Evolutionary Transformations of the Belarusian Economy. Minsk: Belaruskaya Navuka. (In Russ.)

National Economy of the Republic of Belarus 1993. (1994) Statistical Yearbook. Minsk: Min-vo stat-ki i analiza RB. (In Russ.)

National Economy of the Republic of Belarus 1995. (1996) Statistical Yearbook. Minsk: Min-vo stat-ki i analiza RB. (In Russ.)

Sharyj I.N. (2001) Science Policy in the Transition Period. Minsk: Sovremennoe slovo. (In Russ.)

Shumilin A.G., Gusakov V.G. (eds) (2019) On the Status and Prospects of Science Development in the Republic of Belarus in 2018: Analytical Report. Minsk: GU “BelISA”. URL: http://belisa.org.by/ru/izd/ analytical/ (accessed 10.05.2020). (In Russ.)

Content No 7, 2020