How Citizens Evaluate Safety from State-Controlled Risks and Why


Dobrolyubova E.I.

Cand. Sci. (Econ.), Leading Researcher, Center of Public Administration Technologies, Institute of Applied Economic Studies, Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia. dobrolyubova-ei@ranepa.ru

Yuzhakov V.N.

Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Prof., Director of Center of Public Administration Technologies, Institute of Applied Economic Studies, Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia. yuzhakov-vn@ranepa.ru

Pokida A.N.

Cand. Sci. (Soc.), Director of the research Center of Social and Political Monitoring at School of Public Policy, The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia pokida@ranepa.ru

Zybunovskaya N.V.

Research Fellow, Research Center of Social and Political Monitoring at School of Public Policy, The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia nzyb@ranepa.ru

DOI: 10.31857/S013216250009316-0
ID of the Article:


The article was funded by the state assignment on research and development studies to RANEPA


For citation:

Dobrolyubova E.I., Yuzhakov V.N., Pokida A.N., Zybunovskaya N.V. How Citizens Evaluate Safety from State-Controlled Risks and Why. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2020. No 7. P. 70-81



Abstract

Despite protection from state-controlled risks is one of the key public goods this factor is hardly accounted for in quality of government evaluations. The paper analyses the data of sociological surveys conducted by RANEPA on citizen evaluation of public values safety (life, health, property, personal data, etc.) from 10 major risks controlled by the state. The results of 3 sociological surveys conducted in 2018, 2019, and 2020 in all Russian federal districts suggest that only about one third of citizen evaluate the level of public values safety as very high or high; over a half of respondents find that the level of public values safety is low. Perception of public safety depends both on social and demographic characteristics (age, material status, employment) and on other factors such as the level of trust to public regulatory and enforcement bodies and personal experience of respondents (encountering the risks in the past). Direct correlation between evaluation of public values safety and readiness to pay for safety improvement was found.


Keywords
risk perception; governance quality; control; regulatory and enforcement bodies; public values; sociological survey; safety evaluation

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