Adaptation Issues of Foreign Students in Russia
Deputy Director, State Autonomous Sociological Research Center, Moscow, Russia. email@example.com
Cand. Sci. (Polit.), Director of the Directorate of Research and Analysis, State Autonomous Sociological Research Center, Moscow, Russia. firstname.lastname@example.org
The paper presents results of the sociological study “Prospects and problems of teaching foreign citizens in Russian institutions of higher education”, devoted, in particular, to adaptation problems of foreign citizens to both the learning process at Russian universities and life in Russia. Attention is paid to the importance for many countries of a focused policy to increase the export of higher education, also within the implementation of academic excellence initiatives. The main projects and programs that have been implemented in recent years in the Russian Federation aiming to attract foreign citizens to study at Russian universities are discussed. The adaptation of foreign citizens studying at Russian universities is considered within the scope of the level of proficiency in Russian, adaptation to the educational process at the university, satisfaction with living conditions, and financial opportunities. Results of the study indicate effectiveness of the measures to adapt foreign students. This is evidenced by the rather effective interaction of universities at the stage of attracting and admitting foreign citizens, high satisfaction with studying at a Russian university, favorable living conditions, and also the desire of a significant part of foreign students to find work in the Russian Federation in the future. At the same time, main problems for the social group under discussion remain difficulties with finding a job (part-time job) while studying, in a significant number of cases, low proficiency in English by university staff, as well as periodic manifestations of everyday nationalism.
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