SocioTerritorial Features of Natural and Migration Movement of the Region's Population in the Republic of Bashkortostan
Dr. Sci. (Ped.), Prof., Academician and President of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Ufa, Russia. firstname.lastname@example.org
Cand. Sci. (Hist.), Leading Researcher, Institute of Strategic Research of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Ufa, Russia. email@example.com
Senior Researcher of the same Institute; Head of the Department of Population Statistics and Health Statistics, Territorial Body of Federal Office of State Statistics for the Republic of Bashkortostan, Ufa, Russia. firstname.lastname@example.org
Cand. Sci. (Hist.), Senior Researcher, Institute of Strategic Research of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Ufa, Russia. email@example.com
The article analyzes main indicators of natural and migration movement of the urban and rural population of the Republic of Bashkortostan, a region with a significant share of rural residents, based on official statistics and results of sociological research. Comparative analysis of demographic indicators such as the total birth rate, life expectancy, natural and migration growth and others shows a significant differentiation between urban and rural residents. The difference in indicators tends to increase and is of a nationwide nature. Sociological data show a significant difference in the reproductive, self-preservation and migration behavior and attitudes of urban and rural residents of the Republic. Reducing the existing gap in demographic development between urban and rural areas, reducing negative trends in rural areas is possible by means of a comprehensive solution of the problems of territorial development, the implementation of effective economic and social policy measures in the region, primarily in rural areas.