К глобальным социальным наукам? Некоторые предварительные размышления


Коломбо Э.

профессор кафедры социально-политических наук Университета Милана, Милан, Италия enzo.colombo@unimi.it

DOI: 10.31857/S013216250006658-6
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Ссылка при цитировании:

Коломбо Э. К глобальным социальным наукам? Некоторые предварительные размышления // Социологические исследования. 2019. № 9. С. 3-18.
DOI: 10.31857/S013216250006658-6



Аннотация

Преобразования, вызванные процессами глобализации, влияют на состояние социальных наук. Многие голоса, исходящие прежде всего из так называемого «Юга», требуют радикального пересмотра западных общественных наук – если не полного отказа от них. Стало очевидным, что инструментарий, понятия и методы, унаследованные от модернити, неспособны уловить сложность и изменчивость современного социального опыта, характеризующегося множеством мнений, интересов, исторических традиций. Осознание многообразия различных точек зрения на социальные науки, которые складываются за пределами классических (западных) формулировок, подталкивает развитие социальных наук в двух противоположных направлениях. С одной стороны, происходят попытки восстановления прочных основ общего знания и преодоления многообразия и партикуляризма с опорой на строго определенный методологический и концептуальный инструментарий, который призван обосновать обновленное универсалистское понимание сложности современных обществ. С другой, наблюдается тенденция признания неизбежности предвзятого, неустойчивого и необъективного социального знания. В статье представлено обоснование различных позиций и предложено интегрировать современное осмысление «теоретико-методологического» содержания социальных наук с рефлексией по поводу практик их развития.


Ключевые слова
социальная теория; глобализация; сложность; постколониализм; универсализм; релятивизм


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Содержание номера № 9, 2019