Reflections on Modern Russian Sociology and its Prospects
Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Assoc. Prof., Head of the Department of Historical Sociology, Faculty of Humanities, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic Jiri.Subrt@ff.cuni.cz
In this article, the author reflects on the past, present and future of Russian sociology. The key question is not the evaluation of existing development (the article is not a contribution to the history of Russian sociology), but the current state, and especially the perspectives that this state raises, of Russian sociology. The article is based on the results of observations made with varying degrees of intensity since the mid-1980s. The basic sociological question is: why is the country’s performance, with the potential that Russia has, not significantly higher? The author sees room for the future development of Russian sociology in: 1) better use of the human capital which it has at its disposal; 2) the development of creative courage and openness to new and unusual ideas; 3) a deepening of internal division of labor with regard to the regional development of of Russia; 4) interdisciplinarity; 5) overcoming methodological nationalism and developing a global perspective; 6) an emphasis on the diverse analysis of large data sets; 7) an orientation on globally-strategically important areas of scientific research. The author aims to provoke a certain discussion to enable the reader to better understand the current situation of Russian sociology, and its possible perspectives.
Beck U. (2016) The Metamorphosis of the World. Cambridge: Polity.
Bourdieu P. (1998) Practical Reason: On the Theory of Action. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Elias N. (1991) The Society of Individuals. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Firsov B.M (2008) Diversity of Thinking in the USSR 1940–1960s: History, Theory and Practices. St. Petersburg: EU in SPb.; Evropeyskiy dom. (In Russ.)
Firsov B.M. (2012) History of the Soviet Sociology: 1950–1980s. Essays. St. Petersburg: EU in SPb. (In Russ.)
Gellner E. (1988) Plough, Sword and Book: The Structure of Human History. London: Collins Harvill.
Giddens A. (1985) The Nation-state and VIolence: Volume two of a Contemporary Critique of Historical Materialism. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Gouldner A.W. (1971) The Coming Crisis of Western Sociology. London: Heinemann.
Merton R.K. (1968) The Matthew Effect in Science. Science. January 5. Vol. 159. No. 3810: 56–63.
Mills C.W. (1967) The Sociological Imagination. New York: Oxford University Press.
Podvoyskiy D.G. (2008) Sociology in Modern Russia. Uncombed Thoughts. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 7: 47–53. (In Russ.)
Popper K.R. (1965) Conjectures and Refutations: The Growth of Scientific Knowledge. London: Routledge.
Yadov V.A. (ed.) (1998) Sociology in Russia. Moscow: IS RAN. (In Russ.)
Osipov G.V. (ed.) (1966) Sociology in the USSR. Moscow: Mysl. (In Russ.)
Sokolov M. (2011) Labor Markets, Stratification and Careers in Soviet Sociology. Ekonomicheskaya sotsiologiya [Journal of Economic Sociology]. Vol. 12. No. 4: 37–72. (In Russ.)
Šubrt J. (2019) Individualism, Holism and the Central Dilemma of Sociological Theory. Bingley: Emerald.
Šubrt J. (2017) The Perspective of Historical Sociology: The Individual as Homo-Sociologicus through Society and History. Bingley: Emerald.
Šubrt J. (2020) The Systemic Approach in Sociology and Niklas Luhmann: Expectations, Discussions, Doubts. Bingley: Emerald.
Šubrt J., Kumsa A., Ruzzeddu M. (2020) Explaining Social Processes: Perspectives from Current Social Theory and Historical Sociology. Cham: Springer.
Therborn G. (2017) Foreword. Grappling with the Societies of Russia. In: Titarenko L., Zdravomyslova E. (eds) Sociology in Russia: A Brief History. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan – Springer.
Touraine A. (1984) Return of the Actor. Paris: Fayard. (In Fr.)
Wallerstein I. et al. (1996) Open the Social Sciences: Report of the Gulbenkian Commission on the Restructuring of the Social Sciences. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Willke H. (1997) Supervision of the State. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp. (In Germ.)
Zborovsky G.E. (2014) Russian Sociology: on the Way to Civil Society: monograph. Yekaterinburg: UrFU. (In Russ.)
Zdravomyslov A.G. (2010) The Field of Sociology in the Modern World. Moscow: Logos. (In Russ.)
Zotov A.A. (2015) On the Sources of Exploring Routine and Scolary Ideas about the Past in the 20th– 21st Centuries Sociology. In: Devyatko I.F., Abramov R.N., Katerniy I.V. Ordinary and Scientific Knowledge about Society: Mutual Influence and Reconfiguration. Moscow: Progress-Traditsiya: 232–245. (In Russ.)