Basic Interaction of People and their Civil-Social Culture as a Subject of Study


Lapin N.I.

Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Prof., Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Head of the Centre for Socio-cultural Changes Studies, Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia lapini31@mail.ru

DOI: 10.31857/S013216250014468-7
ID of the Article: 8641

Rubric: Anniversary

For citation:

Lapin N.I. Basic Interaction of People and their Civil-Social Culture as a Subject of Study. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2021. No 5. P. 104-115




Abstract

From the point of view of the anthroposocicultural (ASC) approach, the author substantiates the subject matter of two new areas of sociological research. The subject of the first direction is the basic interaction of the population of the country as a cell of the ASC-being of people: it is a large cycle of interactions of citizens with each other and with the institutions of society, the individual-socialized results of which are: the position of the individual in society and the type of basic interaction of large groups of citizens with society as a whole. The subject of another direction is the meaning of the basic interactions of large groups of citizens, the civil-social culture of these interactions; their typology is based on the characteristics of the content of basic interactions and their results for the population and society. There are two main types of results: rises, downs of the population and society (ASC-rises); trauma, declines in their livelihoods (ASC-injuries); there are also intermediate types of results. The identification of these results in the history of Russia and their interpretation on the basis of the active paradigm allowed the author to propose the concept of “anthroposocultural rise and trauma as the main events-processes of historical activity of large masses of people”. The contradictory interaction of these events-processes forms the pulsar of the history of society (country): “the divide rise/trauma … the divide trauma/rise = stage (epoch)”. In the monograph “The complexity of the formation of a new Russia and the civil-social culture of its population” (2021) the author showed that in the history of Russia the heterogeneous type of civil-social culture of the population is enbeddednessed: foreign policy is flexible, retaining different ethnic groups in the common civilizational process, but domestically politically routine, symbio-owning, by the results – traumatic. Its preservation is fraught with new risks of catastrophes. In order to prevent them and form a new Russia, to achieve a strong social state of national welfare, a qualitatively different type of civil-social culture is needed – homogeneous, corresponding to the ethos of Russian and cultural potential of multi-ethnic Russia – innovative, assembling-composite, combining civilization-gathering culture with innovative socialachieving. Such transformation is possibly not exogenously-mobilizing, but endogenously-democratic – by all-civilian Self-enlightenment through the established channels of socialization of individuals with the support of specialized and broad circles of the public, institutions of the state, business, media, family.


Keywords
anthroposocicultural approach; anthroposocicultural rise and trauma; basic interaction; civil-social culture; heterogeneous-traumagenic culture; collecting-composite culture; all-civil selfenlightenment; socialization

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