Post-Marxism in Sociology. Part II


Pavlov A.V.

Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Full Prof., School of Philosophy and Cultural Studies, National Research University Higher School of Economics; Leading Researcher, Head of the Department of Social Philosophy, Institute of Philosophy RAS, Moscow, Russia apavlov@hse.ru

DOI: 10.31857/S013216250014311-5
ID of the Article: 8644


For citation:

Pavlov A.V. Post-Marxism in Sociology. Part II. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2021. No 5. P. 129-138




Abstract

In the second part of the study of the historical dynamics of the “post-Marxism” concept the author notes that with the collapse of communism different Marxists begin to conceptualize the term in their own way. At the same time, two trends in the use of the concept (self-description and the accusation of “revisionism”), originating in the 1980s, persisted until the late 1990s, when the concept became analytically important for the academy and finally lost its negative connotations. The article states that academic works on post-Marxism of the 2000s and 2010s can be divided into two categories. In the first one researchers try to independently theorize the concept. In the second category scholars try to describe post–Marxism as a “tradition” based on the selected criteria, the genealogy of which the authors see in the social theories of Rosa Luxemburg, Cornelius Castoriadis, but most often in the book “Hegemony and Socialist Strategy” by Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe. The author asserts that there is no consensus among researchers regarding the use of the “post-Marxism” concept in and for the language of current radical theory. For example, Oliver Harrison believes that it is necessary to decide who is a post-Marxist and who is not, in each specific case. The author of the article comes to the conclusion that today almost any radical social theorist working in the paradigm of Marxist sociology can be called a post-Marxist, especially since even among radical thinkers there seems to be an understanding that Marxism and post-Marxism cannot be separated. After all, post-Marxism remains Marxism.


Keywords
practical philosophy; theoretical sociology; social theory; Marxism; post-Marxism; ex-Marxism; capitalism

References

Джеймисон Ф. Реально существующий марксизм // Логос. 2005. № 3(48). С. 208–246. [Jameson F. (2005) Actually Existing Marxism. Logos. No. 3(48): 208–246. (In Russ.)]

Дин Д. Коммунизм или неофеодализм? // Логос. 2019. № 6(133). С. 85–116. [Dean J. (2019) Communism or Neo-Feudalism? Logos. No. 6(133): 85–116. (In Russ.)]

Порпора Д. Теоретический статус марксизма // RedFlora.org. 2019. 23 сентября. URL: http:// www.redflora.org/2019/09/blog-post.html (дата обращения: 11.03.2021). [Porpora D. (2019) The Theoretical Status of Marxism. RedFlora.org. September 23. URL: http://www.redflora.org/2019/09/ blog-post.html (accessed 11.03.2021). (In Russ.)]

Стоянович С. От марксизма к постмарксизму // Вопросы философии. 1990. № 1. С. 145–154. [Stoyanovich S. (1990) From Marxism to Post-Marxism. Voprosy Filosofii. No. 1: 145–154. (In Russ.)]

Харви Д. Состояние постмодерна: Исследование истоков культурных изменений. М.: Изд. дом Высшей школы экономики, 2021. [Harvey D. (2021) The Condition of Postmodernity: An Enquiry into Origins of Cultural Change. Moscow: HSE Publishing House. (In Russ.)]

Aronson R. (1995) After Marxism. New York: Guilford Press.

Barrett M. (1991) The Politics of Truth: From Marx to Foucault. Cambridge: Polity.

Bidet J., Kouvelakis S. (2008) Introduction: Marxism, Post-Marxism, Neo-Marxisms. In: Bidet J., Kouvélakis E. (eds) Critical Companion to Contemporary Marxism. Leiden; Boston: Brill: хi–xvi.

Boucher G. (2021) Ernesto Laclau (1935–2014) and Chantal Mouffe (1943–). In: Callinicos A., Kouvelakis S., Pradella L. (eds) The Routledge Handbook of Marxism and Post-Marxism. New York; London: Routledge: 368–375.

Boucher G. (2008) The Charmed Circle of Ideology: A Critique of Laclau and Mouffe, Butler and Žižek. Melbourne: re.press.

Bowman P. (2007) Post-Marxism versus Cultural Studies: Theory, Politics and Intervention. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Breckman W. (2016) Adventures of the Symbolic: Post-Marxism and Radical Democracy. New York: Columbia University Press.

Callinicos A., Kouvelakis S., Pradella L. (2021) Introduction. In: Callinicos A., Kouvelakis S., Pradella L. (eds) The Routledge Handbook of Marxism and Post-Marxism. New York; London: Routledge: 1–22.

Cowling M., Reynolds P. (eds) (2000) Marxism, the Millennium and Beyond. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Devenney M. (2004) Ethics and Politics in Contemporary Theory: Between Critical Theory and Post-Marxism. London: Routledge.

Goldstein P. (2005) Post-Marxist Theory: An Introduction. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Gorz A. (1989) Critique of Economic Reason. London: Verso.

Harrison O. (2014) Revolutionary Subjectivity in Post-Marxist Thought: Laclau, Negri, Badiou. Farnham: Ashgate.

Howson R. (2017) The Sociology of Postmarxism. New York; London: Routledge.

Jones A. (1999) Dialectics and Difference: against Harvey’s Dialectical ‘Post-Marxism’. Progress in Human Geography. Vol. 23. No. 4: 529–555. DOI: 10.1191/030913299676750977.

Keucheyan R. (2013) The Left Hemisphere: Mapping Critical Theory Today. London: Verso.

Makdisi S., Casarino C., Karl R. (eds) (1996) Marxism beyond Marxism. New York; London: Routledge.

McLennan G. (1996) Post-Marxism and the “Four Sins” of Modernist Theorizing. New Left Review. No. 218: 53–74.

Rakovski M. (1978) Towards an East European Marxism. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Reynolds P. (2000) Post-Marxism: Radical Political Theory and Practice Beyond Marxism? In: Cowling M., Reynolds P. (eds) Marxism, the Millennium and Beyond. London: Palgrave Macmillan: 257–279.

Sim S. (ed.) (1998) Post-Marxism: A Reader. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Sim S. (2000) Post-Marxism: An Intellectual History. London; New York: Routledge.

Torney S., Townshend J. (2006) Key Thinkers from Critical Theory to Post-Marxism. London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Tosel А. (2008) The Late Lukács and the Budapest School. In: Bidet J., Kouvélakis E. (eds) (2008) Critical Companion to Contemporary Marxism. Leiden; Boston: Brill: 163–174.

Tosel A. (2008) The Development of Marxism: From the End of Marxism-Leninism to a Thousand Marxisms – France-Italy, 1975–2005. In: Bidet J., Kouvélakis E. (eds) Critical Companion to Contemporary Marxism. Leiden; Boston: Brill: 39–78.

Wright E.O. (1995) What is Analytical Marxism? In: Carver T., Thomas P. (eds) Rational Choice Marxism. Houndmills; Basingstoke; Hampshire; London: Palgrave Macmillan UK: 11–30.

Content No 5, 2021