Phenomenon of Chinese Labor:
Difficulties in Finding Jobs for Chinese Graduates and “Acute Shortage of Labor”


Jiang Haibin

Master, Assoc. Prof., Institute of Physics, Jilin Normal University, Siping City, Jilin Province, China 37694350@qq.com

Veselova L.S.

Cand. Sci. (Hist.), Assoc. Prof., National Research University «Higher School of Economics» (St. Petersburg), St. Petersburg, Russia lveselova@hse.ru

Lebedintseva L.A.

Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Assoc. Prof. St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia. llebedintseva879@gmail.com

DOI: 10.31857/S013216250009490-2
ID of the Article: 8760


The article is the interim result of a research project in the humanities and social sciences of Jilin Province, project No. JJKH2021467SK.


For citation:

Jiang Haibin, Veselova L.S., Lebedintseva L.A. Phenomenon of Chinese Labor: Difficulties in Finding Jobs for Chinese Graduates and “Acute Shortage of Labor”. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2021. No 8. P. 118-129




Abstract

The article is dedicated to the problem of a shortage of workers in the real sector of the PRC economy, primarily in material production. Analysis of the current trend shows that Chinese youth are not ready to work in low-paid jobs. It is noted that the discrepancy between the needs and social aspirations of people in society and the relatively backward material production, work on which is considered hard and low-paid, has gradually matured, intensified during the period of the beginning of economic reforms manifesting in full force in modern society. A main reasons for the current socioeconomic problem is associated with the unresolved contradiction between labor demand and supply in the Chinese socio-economic system. It is concluded that there is a need to further align education system and the needs of the market, in particular, to create a professional training system for highly qualified personnel urgently required in the economy, to develop existing talents in new industries, such as information security, software development, network engineering, communication engineering, new energy vehicles, etc.


Keywords
difficulties in finding a job; labor shortage; Chinese graduates; talent management in the PRC; middle class in China; the PRC education system

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