Young Parliamentarians in Russia

Young Parliamentarians in Russia


Kryshtanovskaya O.V.

Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Director, Research Center of the Russian Elite, State University of Management, Moscow, Russia. olgakrysht@yandex.ru

Lavrov I.A.

Senior specialist, Research Center of the Russian Elite, State University of Management, Moscow, Russia. spu_lavrov@mail.ru

ID of the Article: 8995


The reported study was funded by RFBR and EISR research project № 21-011-31795


For citation:

Kryshtanovskaya O.V., Lavrov I.A. Young Parliamentarians in Russia. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2022. No 2. P. 45-56




Abstract

This article explores the millennial generation participation in public politics. A largescale study of federal and regional legislative bodies was conducted to identify the number of young parliamentarians, their party affiliation, their status in the hierarchy and their spheres of activity. The research examined the biographies of 7691 legislative assemblies’ deputies in 85 regions of the Russian Federation, the State Duma deputies of all eight convocations from 1993 till 2021, and current senators. It was found that the representation of the young generation has been steadily decreasing from year to year, and has now reached its lowest value of 6.9%. Opposition parliamentary parties are much more actively working with young people than the ruling party. The success of the «New People» party is largely conditioned by its bet on millennials. At the same time, young people hold more significant positions in the federal parliament than ever before, which indicates that a generational shift is being prepared on the whole front of the government. This is also evidenced by the data on the young parliamentarians’ expanded field of activity, who occupy positions on all sectorial committees with the exception of international affairs, defense, and security issues. An analysis of young parliamentarians’ biographies shows that their careers are linked to the activities of party apparatuses, public chambers, volunteer organizations and youth parliaments. The main conclusion of the article is that there is a lot of work is going on in parties to prepare young personnel, but the representation of millennials currently does not correspond the challenges of building a digital state.


Keywords
parliament; youth; millennials; youth representation; political parties; State Duma; Federation Council; regional legislatures; incorporation
Content No 2, 2022