Young specialists, training and demand in the labor market
Dr. Sci. (Soc.), Prof., Head of the Center, Institute of Socio-Political Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. Sci. (Sociol.) Prof., Сhief Researcher, Department of sociology of youth, Institute of Socio-Political Research RAS, Moscow, Russia email@example.com
A criterion of effective training and employment of high-skills labor is arguably seen in consistency of the work they are employed in with the training they obtained in respective higher school. In recent decades, however, number of university’s graduates working in their specialty is on the decrease. Every third person today works in specialty not connected to professional training. These trends reflect not high effectiveness of personnel training in higher school and impact of labor market situation as well. Results of a sociological study allowed to analyze impact on the young employees of certain factors linked to their training, and to collisions on the labor market too. A conclusion is argued for that training of a young specialist involves not only professional but also individual qualities. Factors influencing choice by a young specialist of employment in the specialty obtained, and motives to reject employment in university profile as a form of rationalizing labor relations are scrutinized.