Russian socium in the conditions of crisis development: a contextual approach

Gorshkov M.K.

Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Director, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

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Gorshkov M.K. Russian socium in the conditions of crisis development: a contextual approach. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2016. No 12. P. 26-34


The paper presents multi-faceted contextual analysis of state and dynamics of Russian society in conditions of new reality mediated by outer and inner threats and risks with current economic crisis added. Empirical base of the study is formed by the results of three waves of all-Russian sociological monitoring (N-4000) in 2014–2015. A special attention is paid to adoptive capabilities of population, to analysis of economic and political behavior practices of Russians in crisis conditions. Presence is noted in the Russian society of understanding interdependence of inner and outer factors influencing social economic situation of our co-citizens and the course of societal processes in the country, as well as adaptation strategies displayed by members of various professional groups and inhabitants of manifold territorial settlements mediated by their diversified labor incomes and emloyment nature. It is concluded that dynamic movement of the Russian socium towards modern consumer society causes lower dependence grade of the population on government while personal interests begin to prevail over the public ones. Choice made by Russians in favor of ‘great-power’ institutes is verified allowing to characterize institutional trust in the society not only as hierarchical, but also as a holistic one.

Russian socium; mass consciousness; econnomic practices; crisis situation; adaptation; identity; civic activism; trust; solidarity; consolidation
Content No 12, 2016