Socio-cultural portrait of the old bolsheviks after the civil war

Feldman M.A.

Dr. Sci. (Hist.), Prof., Ural Institute of Management – Branch of Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Yekaterinburg, Russia

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Feldman M.A. Socio-cultural portrait of the old bolsheviks after the civil war. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2017. No 2. P. 36-40


The article, based on the use of statistical methods, identifies characteristic features of the iconic social groups of the post-revolutionary Soviet era – “old Bolsheviks” and makes conclusions about the factors influencing the formation and evolution of a new elite. There are impact of heterogeneous working society; its sacralization in the propaganda and Marxist theory, remoteness of yesterday’s underground fighters from the realities of working life. Vector locating the “old Bolsheviks” on the steps of the management ladder are specified. It is characteristic that every third official had party standing prior to February, 1917. Composition of the Ural regional Committee of the RCP (b) elected in December 1923, to a half (52%) belonged to the “old guard” turning “old Bolsheviks” in a social group detached from working society. If we talk about the Ural region, the formation of such a “border line” should be attributed to 1927 – suppression of the strike in May 1927 at a major metallurgical factory with longstanding revolutionary traditions on the outskirts of Yekaterinburg (Verkh-Isetsky).

party; old Bolsheviks; the underground; the Ural; the workers; managers; generation


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Content No 2, 2017