Vagabondage as social phenomenon

Shlakov A.V.

Cand. Sci. (Sociol.), Assoc. Prof., Department of Humanities, Tyumen Industrial University, Tyumen, Russia

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Shlakov A.V. Vagabondage as social phenomenon. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2017. No 8. P. 124-135


Destabilization of the socio-economic situation in Russia, connected to the global financial crisis and economic sanctions from the West actualize the problem of vagabondage. The article is dedicated to studying this social phenomenon in Tyumen and forming a socio-demographical portrait of Tyumen vagabond. Vagabondage is defined as a way of life without permanent residence, connected to constant relocation caused by the impossibility of adapting to changing external circumstances. This research has been held from 2010 to 2014, and 2017 in the traditional places of vagabonds’ daytime gathering, on the territories of their occasional earnings: the central market of Tyumen, Znamensky Cathedral Church. The research included formalized interviews based on author’s instrument of 13 questions. The questions were conventionally divided into the following topics: personal characteristics of a vagabond, living habits before vagabondage, the image of the everyday life in the state of vagabondism and the perspectives of returning to normal life. 100 people have participated in the research. The respondents were divided by age: 18–30, 31–40, 41–50, over 50 years, which enabled visual verification of respondent honesty. The results of the survey are shown in the article, analysis and correlation with other author’s research on vagabonds are offered, the verification of honesty of the answers is given. Traits of vagabondage in Tyumen connected to landscaping, territorial and socio-economical peculiarities of the Tyumen region, are identified. Measures of vagabondism reduction involving overall rehabilitation people having lost social binds are discussed.

vagabondage; vagabond; Tyumen; living habits


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Content No 8, 2017