Statistical inspections in the Red Army in the 1920s

Obraztsov I.V.

Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Prof., the Department of Sociology, Head of Sociological Laboratory, Moscow State Linguistic University, Moscow, Russia

DOI: 10.7868/S013216251802006X
ID of the Article:

For citation:

Obraztsov I.V. Statistical inspections in the Red Army in the 1920s. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2018. No 2. P. 45-54


The article anticipates publication of the archival materials from the collections of the Russian State Military Archive on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the Worker-and-Peasant Red Army. It presents an analysis of the social problems in the military during the 1924–1925 military reform on the basis of statistical surveys. The article considers how the first statistical units in the structure of the military organization were formed and how they contributed to the development of military sociological research in the USSR in the 1920s. The main focus is on the activities of the Information and Statistics Division of the Worker-and-Peasant Red Army Political Department: the methods of collecting social information used at that time; composition and biographical data of employees; problems and results of the research. The article examines research projects related to the study of political and moral state of the Red Army soldiers, the Red Army officers and political staff material status, the military men work hours, as well as the analysis of the Red Army soldiers’ letters as an indicator of mass sentiments, social problems update for the army and society, and the nature of civil and military relations.

archival materials; military reform; military sociology; history of sociology; Red Army; Soviet sociology; USSR; statistical inspections; the 1920s.


Berkhin I.B. (1958) Military reform of the USSR (1924–1925). Moscow: Voyenizdat. (In Russ.)

Blum A., Mespule M. (2006) Bureaucratic anarchy: statistics and power under Stalin. Transl. from French. Moscow: ROSSPEN. (In Russ.)

Ogarkov N.V. (ed.) (1984) Military encyclopedic dictionary. Moscow: Voyenizdat. (In Russ.)

Gusev S.I. (1925) Civil War and the Red Army. Moscow – Leningrad: Gosizdat. (In Russ.)

Ivanovich St. (1931) Red Army. Paris: Sovremennyye zapiski. (In Russ.)

Milov D. (1923) About party work in the war period. Politrabotnik [Political Worker]. No. 11: 104–106. (In Russ.)

Preobrazhensky E. (1921) Scheme of the Political Department of the Military District. Politrabotnik [Political Worker]. No. 6–7: 38. (In Russ.)

Sergeev V.P. (1985) Historical experience of the development of specific sociological research in the army and the navy. In: Actual problems of the development of military sociology in the light of the decisions of the June (1983) Plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU. Moscow: VPA: 81–85. (In Russ.)

Snesarev A.E. (1924) Introduction to military geography. Moscow: Voyennaya akademiya RKKA. (In Russ.)

Soloviev S.S., Obraztsov I.V. (1997) The Russian Army from Afghanistan to Chechnya: A Sociological Analysis. Moscow: Natsional’nyj institut Yekateriny Velikoy. (In Russ.)

Rakovskiy Kh. (1920) Report on the activities of the Political Administration. Politrabotnik [Political Worker]. No. 1: 8–14. (In Russ.)

Kharitonov N. (1929) Political apparatus of the Red Army. Leningrad – Moscow: Gosizdat. (In Russ.)

Chernevsky V. (1921) Organizations of the Russian Communist Party in the Red Army. Put’ politrabotnika [Way of the Political Worker]. No. 9: 54–57. (In Russ.)

Chernevsky V. (1926a) Reference work in the Red Army and Navy. In: Khlebtsevich E. (ed.) Library work in the Red Army. Moscow – Leningrad: Gosizdat: 62–70. (In Russ.)

Chernevsky V. (1926b) Party organization of the Red Army to the 8th anniversary. Sputnik politrabotnika [Companion of the Political Worker]. No. 7 (37): 36–43. (In Russ.)

Chernevsky V. (1926c) Authorized Bureau of Red Army Men Letters. Sputnik politrabotnika [Companion of the Political Worker]. No. 23 (53): 33–35. (In Russ.)

Chernevsky V. (1926d) From the history of the Party’s apparatus. Club work for 8 years. Sputnik politrabotnika [Companion of the Political Worker]. No. 35 (65): 47–50. (In Russ.)

Chernevsky V. (1926e) From the history of the Party’s apparatus. Libraries of the Red Army for 8 years. Sputnik politrabotnika [Companion of the Political Worker]. No. 36 (66): 47–49. (In Russ.)

Chernevsky V. (1927a) Student unrest before the revolution. Letopis’ revolyutsii [Chronicle of Revolution]. No. 1: 13–16. (In Russ.)

Chernevsky V. (1927b) The Bureau of Red Army Men letters are needed. Voyennyj vestnik [Military Bulletin]. No. 28: 51. (In Russ.)

Chernevsky V. (1927c) Party organization for 9 years. Voyennyj vestnik [Military Bulletin]. No. 7 (37): 10–16. (In Russ.)

Chernevsky V. (ed.) (1928) X years of the Red Army 1918–1928: Album schemes. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo “Voyennyj vestnik”. (In Russ.)

Content No 2, 2018