Situation in the Country and its Prospects Through the Prism of Public Opinion during the Pandemic


Latova N.V.

Cand. Sci. (Sociol.), Leading Researcher, Institute of Sociology of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia myshona@rambler.ru

DOI: 10.31857/S013216250013734-0
ID of the Article:


For citation:

Latova N.V. Situation in the Country and its Prospects Through the Prism of Public Opinion during the Pandemic. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2021. No 4. P. 37-49




Abstract

The materials of the All-Russian poll of 2020 are used to analyze the social moods of Russians, including their perception of the situation in the country, prospects for its further development, as well as socio-economic problems and social tensions. When analyzing the data, special attention is paid to intergroup differences, as well as the study of dynamic processes over the past 10 years. The conclusion is made about the formation of new trends for the Russian society contributing to emergence of another socio-political crisis. First, visions of the main threats have changed: Russians are beginning to see domestic events as the prevailing source of problems. Second, decadent sentiments have spread: Russians, for the first time in many years, have a very poor assessment of the country’s expected future successes. Third, new problem areas have emerged (moral state of society, rights and freedoms, as well as culture and the arts), in addition to traditionally negative assessments of living standards and the social sphere. Fourth, a specific configuration of pessimistic groups of Russians emerged: by the fall of 2020, pessimism was particularly high among residents of the two Russian capitals, which were most painfully experiencing the corona-crisis; besides, young people no longer stand out against other Russians in terms of increased optimism. In general, the results obtained are consistent with international research data (in terms of the deterioration of young people’s social moods), and complement and develop as well conclusions of Russian social scientists about the negative manifestations of the coronacrisis and its consequences.


Keywords
social mood; pandemic; situation in the country; future; socio-economic problems; social tension; public opinion

References

Латов Ю.В. Россияне о будущем страны: старые тревоги и новые надежды // Российское общество и вызовы времени. Книга пятая / Под ред. М.К. Горшкова, В.В. Петухова. М.: Весь Мир, 2017. С. 308–331. [Latov Y.V. (2017) Russians about the Future of the Country: Old Worries and New Hopes In: Gorshkov M.K., Petukhov V.V. (eds) Russian Society and Challenges of the Time. Book Five. Moscow: Ves’ Mir: 308–331. (In Russ.)]

Общество и пандемия: опыт и уроки борьбы с COVID-19 в России. М.: Институт менеджмента и маркетинга РАНХиГС при Президенте РФ совместно с Изд. домом «Наука», 2020. [Society and the Pandemic: Experience and Lessons from the Fight against COVID-19 in Russia. (2020) Мoscow: Inst. of Management and Marketing of the RANEPA under the President of the RF with PH “Nauka”. (In Russ.)]

Парыгин Б.Д. Общественное настроение. М.: Мысль, 1966. [Parygin B.D. (1966) Public Mood. Moscow: Mysl. (In Russ.)]

Российское общество и вызовы времени. Книга вторая / Отв. ред. М.К. Горшков, В.В. Петухов. М.: Весь Мир, 2015. [Gorshkov M.K., Petukhov V.V. (eds) (2015) Russian Society and Challenges of the Time. 2nd book. Moscow: Ves' Mir. (In Russ.)]

Тощенко Ж.Т. Социальное настроение – феномен современной социологической теории и практики // Социологические исследования. 1998. № 1. С. 21–35. [Toshchenko Zh.T. (1998) Social Mood is a Phenomenon of Modern Sociological Theory and Practice. Sociologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 1: 21–35 (In Russ.)]

Daly M., Sutin A., Robinson E. (2020) Longitudinal Changes in Mental Health and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Evidence from the UK Household Longitudinal Study. Psychological Medicine: 1–10. DOI: 10.1017/ S0033291720004432.

Ranta M., Silinskas G., Wilska T.-A. (2020) Young Adults' Personal Concerns during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Finland: an Issue for Social Concern. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy. Vol. 40. No. 9/10: 1201–1219. DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-07-2020-0267.

Sabat I., Neuman-Böhme S., Varghese N.E., Barros P.P., Brouwer W., van Exel J., Schreyögg J., Stargardt T. (2020) United but Divided: Policy Responses and People’s Perceptions in the EU during the COVID-19 Outbreak. Health Policy. Vol. 124. No. 9. P. 909–918. DOI: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2020.06.009.

Xiong J., Lipsitz O., Nasri F., Lui L., Gill H., Phan L., Chen-Li D., Iacobucci M., Ho R., Majeed A., McIntyre R.S. (2020) Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Mental Health in the General Population: A Systematic Review. Journal of Affective Disorders. Vol. 277. P. 55–64. DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2020.08.001.

Zajacova A., Jehn A., Stackhouse M., Choi K.H., Denice P., Haan M., Ramos H. (2020) Mental Health and Economic Concerns from March to May during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Canada: Insights from an Analysis of Repeated Cross-sectional Surveys. SSM – Population Health. Vol. 12. Article no. 100704. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2020.100704.

Content No 4, 2021