Нow the Soviet Union Could be Preserved (Baltic Angle)

Simonyan R.Kh.

Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Chef Researcher, Center for European Studies, MGIMO University, Moscow, Russia sim@isras.ru

DOI: 10.31857/S013216250014595-7
ID of the Article:

For citation:

Simonyan R.Kh. Нow the Soviet Union Could be Preserved (Baltic Angle). Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2021. No 8. P. 62-71


The historical experience of the world’s first socialist state and the reasons for its collapse is a fundamental problem not only in Russian, but also in foreign social studies. In the context of the globalization of the economy and the emergence of regional forms of association of states, one of which is the EU, the experience of the USSR is in demand: the integration of states that differ in sociocultural characteristics, common patterns are inherent. The EU is solving the same systemic problems and experiencing the same difficulties as the USSR. This is due to the diversity of the countries that make up the unions, and the uneven development of their countries. The article substantiates the role of the subjective factor, including the ability of managers to use the experience of the most developed countries, the understanding of which is the basis for overall development. In the USSR, these are the Baltic republics, the population of which most acutely felt the need for radical reforms. The article examines the proposals prepared in this region for the country’s recovery from the crisis and the attempts made to encourage the leadership of the USSR to reform, the rejection of which led to the collapse of the country.

crisis of centralization; the largest catastrophe of the twentieth century; the subjective factor of the historical process


Allik Y. (2000) In memory of the Spiritual Father. Tallinn. 2000. No. 19–20: 132–154. (In Russ.)

Brown A. (1989) Rainbow Colors of Perestroika: Riga. Atmoda. No. 3: 15–27. (In Russ.)

Brutenz K. (2005) Unfulfilled: Not Indifferent Notes on Perestroika. Moscow: Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya. (In Russ.)

Chernyaev A. (1997) Diaries of the Assistant to the President. Moscow: Terra. (In Russ.)

Diefendorff K. (1999) Russians are Coming. Microprocessor Report. No. 2: 28–39.

Dikötter F. (2013) Mao’s Great Famine: The History of China’s Most Devastating Catastrophe, 1958–1962. Hong Kong: Open Edition.

Economic Mechanism in the Sphere of Consumer Services: The Experience of the Estonian SSR. (1988) Moscow: Ekonomika. (In Russ.)

Garthoff R.L. (1993) The Great Transition: American-Soviet Relations and the End of the Cold War. Wachington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.

Gorbachev M. (1995) Life and Reforms. Moscow: Novosti. (In Russ.)

Grachev A. (2001) Gorbachev: The Man Who Wanted What was Best... Moscow: Vagrius. (In Russ.)

Latsis O. (2001) Carefully Planned Suicide. Moscow: Moscow School of Political Studies. (In Russ.)

Levada Yu. (1990) There is an Opinion: The Results of the Sociological Survey. Moscow: Progress. (In Russ.)

Likhachev D. (2007) Conscience is a Guarantee of Freedom. Vremya zhit' vmeste [Time to Live Together]. No. 1: 3–5. (In Russ.)

Lyubarsky K. (1988) Waiting for a Change. Novoe vremya [New Time]. No. 24: 29–31. (In Russ.)

Materials of the 19th All-Union Conference of the CPSU. (1988) Moscow: Politizdat. (In Russ.)

National Economy of the USSR in 1983: Statistical Yearbook. (1984) Moscow: Finansy i statistika. (In Russ.)

Onikov L. (1996) CPSU: Anatomy of Disintegration. Moscow: Respublika. (In Russ.)

Petrakov N. (2005) Innovative Way of Development for the New Russia. Moscow: Nauka. (In Russ.)

Simonyan R. (2002) The Baltic Countries and the Collapse of the USSR (On Some Myths and Stereotypes of Mass Consciousness). Voprosy istorii. No. 12: 28–39. (In Russ.)

Simonyan R. (2011) The Subjective in the Historical Process. Voprosy filosofii. No. 3: 12–23. (In Russ.)

Sobchak A. (1991) Walking into Power: The Story of Parliament’s Birth. Moscow: Novosti. (In Russ.)

Titma M. (1989) Estonia: What's going on here? Tallinn: Periodika. (In Russ.)

Toshchenko Zh. (2003) Ethnocracy: History and Modernity (Sociological Essays). Moscow: ROSSPEN. (In Russ.)

Trotsky L. (1990) On the History of the Russian Revolution. Moscow: Politizdat. (In Russ.)

Weidemann R. (2008) A Quarter of a Century of Our Modern History (1982–2007). Vyshgorod. No. 1–2: 68–83. (In Russ.)

Yadov V. (2001) And yet the Mind Can Understand Russia. In: Russia: Transforming Society. Moscow: KANON-Press-Ts. (In Russ.)

Content No 8, 2021