Theoretical Sociology in Modern Russia: Global and National Perspectives

Theoretical Sociology in Modern Russia:
Global and National Perspectives


Titarenko L.G.

Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Prof., Belarusian State University; Associate Researcher, Sociological Institute of FCTAS RAS, Minsk, Belarus larissa@bsu.by

ID of the Article:


For citation:

Titarenko L.G. Theoretical Sociology in Modern Russia: Global and National Perspectives. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2022. No 4. P. 3-14



Abstract

The article provides a brief analysis of theoretical processes in post-Soviet Russian sociology. The current state and prospects for development of theoretical sociology are discussed in the context of global sociology and in the framework of original sociological theories on Russian soil. Within the first framework, a special place is given to the problem of borrowing and imitating foreign theories that take place among Russian sociologists educated and socialized in the West. It is stated that the development of national theories does not reject a possibility of relying on some global achievements and does not mean indigenization of Russian sociology. The article describes views on the general state of theoretical sociology and assessment of individual Russian theories (modernization, eco-risk, sociology of life, etc.), highlights their weaknesses and problems hindering their development. The author’s position on the combination of the global and national in theoretical sociology, general sociological and special sociological theories, study of national traditions of science is offered. It is concluded that there are no prospects for a new grand theory, while coexistence of many general theories that determine the probabilistic paths of Russia’s development is possible. The need for an active position of Russian sociologists in theoretical construction is emphasized.


Keywords
theoretical sociology; global and national sociology; crisis; modernization theories; civilizational analysis; interdisciplinarity; national heritage

References

Alexander J. (2013) The Meanings of Social Life: Cultural Sociology. Moscow: Praxis. (In Russ.)

Ambarova P.A. (2022) Social fragmentation of communities in modern Russia: in search of a sociological theory. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 1: 41–51. DOI: 10.31857/ S013216250017229-4. (In Russ.)

Arnason J.P. (2003) Civilizations in Dispute: Historical Questions and Theoretical Traditions. Leiden; Boston: Brill.

Atlas of Modernization of Russia and its Regions: Socio-Economic and Socio-Cultural Trends and Problems. (2016) Comp. and ed. N.I. Lapin. Moscow: The whole world. (In Russ.)

Bauman Z. (2008) Fluid Modernity. St. Petersburg: Piter. (In Russ.)

Beck U. (1992) Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. Transl. by M. Ritter. London: Sage Publications.

Best S., Kellner D. (1997) The Postmodern Turn. New York: Guilford Press.

Bowman P. (2007) Post-Marxism versus Cultural Studies: Theory, Politics and Intervention. Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP. DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748617623.001.0001.

Braslavsky R.G., Kozlovsky V.V. (2021) Civilizational dimension of structuring society. Sotsiologicheskoe obozrenie [Sociological Review]. Vol. 20. No. 1: 148–175. DOI: 10.17323/1728-192x-2021-1-148-175. (In Russ.)

Chernysh M.F. (2018a) Trends in modern critical sociology (general observations from the ESA Conference). Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 2: 3–8. (In Russ.)

Chernysh M.F. (2018b) The problem of social collapse in sociology. In: Russia reforming: yearbook. Ed. M.K. Gorshkov. Iss. 16. Moscow: Novyi Khronograf: 55–79. DOI: 10.19181/ezheg.2018.3. (In Russ.)

Chernysh M.F. (2020) Reform of Russian science as an institutional construction. Management of science: theory and practice. Vol. 2. No. 2: 47–64. DOI: 10.19181/smtp.2020.2.2.2. (In Russ.)

Delanty G., Turner S. (eds) (2011) Routledge International Handbook of Contemporary Social and Political Theory. London; New York: Routledge.

Deviatko I.F. (2021) Sociological Theory: old problems, new challenges. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 10: 3–11. DOI: 10.31857/S013216250016657-5. (In Russ.)

Eisenstadt S.N. (2000) Multiple Modernities. Daedalus. Vol. 129. No. 1: 1–29.

Harvey D. (2021) The State of Postmodernity: A Study of the Origins of Cultural Change. Moscow: VSHE. DOI: 10.17323/978-5-7598-2369-8. (In Russ.)

Joas H. (2014) The Age of Contingency. In: Faith as an Option. Possible Futures of Christianity. Redwood City: Stanford UP.

Kirdina S.G. (2000) Institutional matrices and the development of Russia. Moscow: TEIS. (In Russ.)

Nikolaev V.G. (2022) Sociological theory in Russia: at the crossroads of fragmentation and pluralism. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 1: 30–40. DOI: 10.31857/S013216250017450-8. (In Russ.)

On world and domestic theoretical sociology (round table) (2021). Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 9: 3–15. DOI: 10.31857/S013216250016494-6. (In Russ.)

Parsons T. (1998) The System of Modern Society. Moscow: Aspect-Press. (In Russ.)

Rozov N.S. (2011) Track and Pass: Macrosociological Foundations of Russia’s Strategies in the XXI Century. Moscow: ROSSPEN. (In Russ.)

Russian Society: Architectonics of Civilizational Development: monogr. (2021) Ed. by V.V. Kozlovsky; FNISTC RAS. Moscow; St. Petersburg: FNISTS RAN. DOI: 10.19181/monogr.978-5-89697-375-1.2021. (In Russ.)

Scientific notes of FCTAS RAS. (2021) Ed. by M.K. Gorshkov. Iss. 10. Acute problems of modern Russian science. Moscow: FNISTS RAN. (In Russ.)

Shubrt I. (2021) Thoughts on modern Russian sociology and its prospects. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 1: 5–15. DOI: 10.31857/S013216250011069-8. (In Russ.)

Sim S. (2000) Post-Marxism: An Intellectual History. London; New York: Routledge.

Titarenko L., Zdravomyslova E. (2017) Sociology in Russia. A Brief History. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Toshchenko Zh.T. (2016) Sociology of Life. Moscow: UNITY-DANA. (In Russ.)

Urry J. (2012) Mobility. Moscow: Praxis. (In Russ.)

Wittrock B. (2000) Modernity: One, None, or Many? European Origins and Modernity as a Global Condition. Daedalus. Vol. 129. No. 1: 31–60.

Yadov V.A. (2006) About the article by A.I. Malinkin. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 8: 127–129. (In Russ.)

Yanitsky O.N. (2003) Sociology of risk: key ideas. Mir Rossii [World of Russia]. No. 1: 3–35. (In Russ.)

Yanitsky O.N. (2008a) Commentary on the article by Rozov N.S. Stagnation of sociology as an expression of the general ailment of Russian social science. In: Official website of the IS RAS. URL: https://www. isras.ru/index.php?page_id=925 (accessed 12.12.21). (In Russ.)

Yanitsky O.N. (2008b) Why is sociology losing its weight in society? In: Official website of the IS RAS. URL: http://www.isras.ru/publ.html?id=988 (accessed 12.12.21). (In Russ.)

Content No 4, 2022