Welfare state:
between humanism and pragmatism

Kasavina N.A.

Dr. Sci. (Phil.), Assoc.Prof., Leading Researcher, the Institute of Philosophy of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia kasavina.na@yandex.ru

DOI: 10.31857/S013216250002156-4
ID of the Article:

For citation:

Kasavina N.A. Welfare state: between humanism and pragmatism. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2018. No 10. P. 34-43


The article problematizes the concepts of “humanism” and “welfare state”, which relationship reveals their modern interpretation. The welfare state is understood in two aspects: as a way of relieving social tension (pragmatic aspect) and the movement of society to the implementation of civilizational humanist choice (ideological aspect). Both of these aspects have got a high degree of relevance for modern Russia in local and global contexts. The crisis of humanism is interpreted in the context of the problem of alienation of existence that captures the frustration of philosophical thought of the 20th century in regard to humanistic ideals. It is shown that the social sciences and humanities searched for the implementation of the ideals (for example, existential sociology and existential jurisprudence). The new humanism, which includes the concept of “welfare state”, supports a significant project of Russian society modernization.

welfare State; humanism; the crisis of humanism; existential jurisprudence; existential sociology; social tensions


Belyaeva L. (2014) Regional social capital and multiple modernization in Russia. To the treatment of the problem. Ekonomicheskie i social’nye peremeny: fakty, tendencii, prognoz. [Economic and social changes: facts, trends, forecast] No. 1 (31): 108–115. (In Russ.)

Dridze T. (2001) Two new paradigms for social cognition and social practice. In: Russia: Transforming Society. Moscow: 222–243. (In Russ.)

Fechner E. (1962) Naturrecht und Existenzphilosophie. Naturrecht oder Rechtspositivismus. Hrsg. von W. Maihofer. 3. Aufl. Darmstadt, 1981: 384–404.

Fechner E. (2010) Philosophy of law. Rossiiskii ejegodnik teorii prava [Russian Yearbook of law theory]. No. 3: 539–611. (In Russ.)

Gajiyev G. (2013) Ontology of Law: (Critical Study of the Legal Concept of Reality). Moscow: Norma, Infra-M. (In Russ.)

Giddens A. (2015) Turbulent and Powerful Continent: What’s Next for Europe in the Future? Moscow: Delo, RANHiGS. (In Russ.)

Heidegger M. (1993) Letter of humanism. In: Time and Genesis: Articles and Speeches. Moscow: Republic: 192–220. (In Russ.)

Kasavin I. (2015) Mega-projects and Global Projects: Science between Utopia and Technocracy. Voprosy Filosofii [Question of Philosophy]. No. 9: 40–56. (In Russ.)

Kasavin I. T. (2014) Interactive zones: On the prehistory of the scientific laboratory. Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Vol. 84. Iss. 6: 456–464.

Kochetkova L. (2009) Philosophical discourse on social state. Cennosti i cmysly [Values and meanings]. No. 3: 6–15. (In Russ.)

Kotarba J. A., Fontana A. (1987) The Existential Self in Society. University of Chicago Press.

Kravchenko E. (2001) Theory of social action: from Max Weber to fenomenologam. Sotsiologicheskii zhurnal [Sociological journal]. No. 3: 122–142. (In Russ.)

Lapin N. (2016) Humanist choice Russian population focus of Russian sociology Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological studies]. No. 5: 23–34. (In Russ.)

Levashov V. (2014) Welfare state: the historical genesis and formation dynamics in Russia // Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological studies]. No. 7: 32–46. (In Russ.)

Maihofer V. (2008) Recht und Sein. Rossiiskii ejegodnik teorii prava [Russian Yearbook of law theory]. No. 1: 186–258. (In Russ.)

Maihofer W. (1963) Naturrecht als Existenzrecht. Frankfurt am Main. (In Ger.)

Maihofer W. (1954) Recht und Sein: Prolegomena zu einer Rechtssoziologie. Frankfurt am Main. (In Ger.)

Mezhuev V. (2013) Humanism and modern civilization. Chelovek [The Man]. No. 2: 5–13. (In Russ.)

Orlov I. (2013) Theoretical bases of the State social humanism. Uroven’ jizni naseleniya regionov Rossii [Standard of living of the population in the regions of Russia]. No. 3: 37–42. (In Russ.)

Pechchei A. (1980) Human qualities. Moscow: Progress: 302. (In Russ.)

Shtompka P. (2009) The focus of daily life. New turn in sociological research. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological studies]. No. 8: 3–13. (In Russ.)

Stein L. von. (1872) History of social movements in France from 1789 to the present day. Saint Petersburg: A. M. Kotomina. (In Russ.)

Stein L. von. (1874) Teaching management and management right with the comparison of literature and legislation of France, England and Germany. Saint Petersburg: A. S. Gieroglifova. (In Russ.)

Stovba A. (2010) Erich Fehner: the boundary experience or Genesis-between right and existence. Rossiiskii ezhegodnik teorii prava [Russian Yearbook of law theory]. No. 3: 530–538. (In Russ.)

Stovba A. Werner Majhofer from “Being and Time” to “Law and Life”. Rossiiskii ezhegodnik teorii prava [Russian Yearbook of law theory]. No. 1: 175–185. (In Russ.)

Tiryakian E. (1962) Sociologism and Existentialism: Two Perspectives on the Individual and Society. New Jersey: Englewood Cliffs.

Toshchenko J. (2015) Sociology of life as a theoretical concept. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological studies]. No. 1: 106–116. (In Russ.)

Toshchenko Zh. (2016) Sociology of Life. Moscow: UNITI-Dana. (In Russ.)

Tuganaev K. (2014) Existentialism as a philosophical-methodological base of natural law concepts. Vestnik Udmurtskogo Universiteta. Seriya: Ekonomika i pravo [Herald of the Udmurt University. Series “Economy and Law”] No. 3: 204–208. (In Russ.)

Velikaya N., Guseletov B. (2012) From social utopia to the welfare state. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological studies]. No. 6: 36–45. (In Russ.)

Content No 10, 2018